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This book is a powerful portrayal of class inequalities in the United States. It contains insightful analysis of the processes through which inequality is reproduced, and it frankly engages with methodological and analytic dilemmas usually glossed over in academic texts.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Annette Lareau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release: 2011-08-02
File: 461 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780520271425

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Class does make a difference in the lives and futures of American children. Drawing on in-depth observations of black and white middle-class, working-class, and poor families, Unequal Childhoods explores this fact, offering a picture of childhood today. Here are the frenetic families managing their children's hectic schedules of "leisure" activities; and here are families with plenty of time but little economic security. Lareau shows how middle-class parents, whether black or white, engage in a process of "concerted cultivation" designed to draw out children's talents and skills, while working-class and poor families rely on "the accomplishment of natural growth," in which a child's development unfolds spontaneously—as long as basic comfort, food, and shelter are provided. Each of these approaches to childrearing brings its own benefits and its own drawbacks. In identifying and analyzing differences between the two, Lareau demonstrates the power, and limits, of social class in shaping the lives of America's children. The first edition of Unequal Childhoods was an instant classic, portraying in riveting detail the unexpected ways in which social class influences parenting in white and African-American families. A decade later, Annette Lareau has revisited the same families and interviewed the original subjects to examine the impact of social class in the transition to adulthood.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Annette Lareau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release: 2003-09-11
File: 343 Pages
ISBN-13: 0520930479

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BOOK EXCERPT:

Class does make a difference in the lives and futures of American children. Drawing on in-depth observations of black and white middle-class, working-class, and poor families, Unequal Childhoods explores this fact, offering a picture of childhood today. Here are the frenetic families managing their children's hectic schedules of "leisure" activities; and here are families with plenty of time but little economic security. Lareau shows how middle-class parents, whether black or white, engage in a process of "concerted cultivation" designed to draw out children's talents and skills, while working-class and poor families rely on "the accomplishment of natural growth," in which a child's development unfolds spontaneously—as long as basic comfort, food, and shelter are provided. Each of these approaches to childrearing brings its own benefits and its own drawbacks. In identifying and analyzing differences between the two, Lareau demonstrates the power, and limits, of social class in shaping the lives of America's children. The first edition of Unequal Childhoods was an instant classic, portraying in riveting detail the unexpected ways in which social class influences parenting in white and African American families. A decade later, Annette Lareau has revisited the same families and interviewed the original subjects to examine the impact of social class in the transition to adulthood.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Annette Lareau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release: 2011-09-20
File: 480 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780520949904

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While problems of childhood poverty are most widespread in developing countries, formidable inequalities exist in more prosperous countries. A major aim of the book is to address the question of unequal childhoodsand the ways in which they are.

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Genre: Education
Author: Helen Penn
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release: 2005
File: 219 Pages
ISBN-13: 0415321026

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Using nationally representative data from Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class (ECLS-K), this study provides a comprehensive and quantitative examination of Lareau's (Lareau, Annette, 2003. Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life.) theory of concerted cultivation and its influences on child development in elementary school. Building upon the cultural and social capital theories and Lareau's conceptions of concerted cultivation, this dissertation contributes to the social stratification studies of intergenerational transmission of advantages or disadvantages and fills the gaps in the empirical evidence for the causal mechanisms of concerted cultivation. First, I examine the causal effects of concerted cultivation on student academic and behavioral outcomes, accounting for the issues of omitted variable bias and reverse causation using cross-lagged panel models with fixed and random effects. Second, as previous research has highlighted the potential drawbacks of intensive parenting on child development, I examine whether intensive and hectic concerted cultivation has negative consequences through analyzing the nonlinear relationship between concerted cultivation and student outcomes. I further investigate racial and class differential patterns of nonlinear relationships. Third, given the school contextual influences, I investigate how the effects of concerted cultivation vary by school-level concerted cultivation by employing a school organizational-based multilevel modeling approach. Overall, this dissertation carries out important policy implications for examining how educational inequalities are produced and reinforced through parental practices in early life course. The results shed lights on education policies that how to effectively promote parental involvement as a lever for raising academic performance and preventing deviant behaviors.

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Genre: Electronic dissertations
Author: Angran Li
Publisher:
Release: 2019
File: Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:1196361766

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A series of policy shifts over the past decade promises to change how Americans decide where to send their children to school. In theory, the boom in standardized test scores and charter schools will allow parents to evaluate their assigned neighborhood school, or move in search of a better option. But what kind of data do parents actually use while choosing schools? Are there differences among suburban and urban families? How do parents’ choices influence school and residential segregation in America? Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools presents a breakthrough analysis of the new era of school choice, and what it portends for American neighborhoods. The distinguished contributors to Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools investigate the complex relationship between education, neighborhood social networks, and larger patterns of inequality. Paul Jargowsky reviews recent trends in segregation by race and class. His analysis shows that segregation between blacks and whites has declined since 1970, but remains extremely high. Moreover, white families with children are less likely than childless whites to live in neighborhoods with more minority residents. In her chapter, Annette Lareau draws on interviews with parents in three suburban neighborhoods to analyze school-choice decisions. Surprisingly, she finds that middle- and upper-class parents do not rely on active research, such as school tours or test scores. Instead, most simply trust advice from friends and other people in their network. Their decision-making process was largely informal and passive. Eliot Weinginer complements this research when he draws from his data on urban parents. He finds that these families worry endlessly about the selection of a school, and that parents of all backgrounds actively consider alternatives, including charter schools. Middle- and upper-class parents relied more on federally mandated report cards, district websites, and online forums, while working-class parents use network contacts to gain information on school quality. Little previous research has explored what role school concerns play in the preferences of white and minority parents for particular neighborhoods. Featuring innovative work from more than a dozen scholars, Choosing Homes, Choosing Schools adroitly addresses this gap and provides a firmer understanding of how Americans choose where to live and send their children to school.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Annette Lareau
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Release: 2014-03-31
File: 352 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781610448208

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First book since 2004 to look at childhood from a postcolonial perspective and reflect on postcolonial theory in relation to children and childhoods, building on work by Cannella and Viruru (2004). From one of the pioneers of childhood studies, Liebel uses a broad array of international case studies to examine the repercussions of colonial conquest on children's lives and childhood policies today. Looking at how children in the Global South are affected by unequal power relations, paternalistic policies and violence by state and non-state actors, he shows how we can work to decolonize childhoods and ensure that children's rights are better promoted and protected. 'Genuinely ground-breaking. This is a seminal book which works as a textbook, a teaching resource and a highly significant contribution to knowledge. It is characterized by authority and enthusiasm.' -- Heather Montgomery, The Open University

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Genre:
Author: Manfred Liebel
Publisher:
Release: 2020-05
File: Pages
ISBN-13: 9781447356400

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Fifteen years after its first publication, The Second Shift remains just as important and relevant today as it did then. As the majority of women entered the workforce, sociologist and Berkeley professor Arlie Hochschild was one of the first to talk about what really happens in dual-career households. Many people were amazed to find that women still did the majority of childcare and housework even though they also worked outside the home. Now, in this updated edition with a new introduction from the author, we discover how much things have, or have not, changed for women today.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Arlie Hochschild
Publisher: Penguin
Release: 2012-01-31
File: 352 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781101575512

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This collection explores mobile childhoods: from Latvia and Estonia to Finland; from Latvia to the United Kingdom; from Russia to Finland; and cyclical mobility by the Roma between Romania and Finland. The chapters examine how east-to-north European family mobility brings out different kinds of multilocal childhoods. The children experience unequal starting points and further twists throughout their childhood and within their family lives. Through the innovative use of ethnographic and participatory methods, the contributors demonstrate how diverse migrant children’s everyday lives are, and how children themselves as well as their translocal families actively pursue better lives. The topics include naming and food practices, travel, schooling, summer holidays, economic and other inequalities, and the importance of age in understanding children’s lives. Translocal Childhoods and Family Mobility in East and North Europe will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including sociology, anthropology and human geography.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Laura Assmuth
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2018-07-20
File: 271 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783319897349

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Trans Kids is a trenchant ethnographic and interview-based study of the first generation of families affirming and facilitating gender nonconformity in children. Earlier generations of parents sent such children for psychiatric treatment aimed at a cure, but today, many parents agree to call their children new names, allow them to wear whatever clothing they choose, and approach the state to alter the gender designation on their passports and birth certificates. Drawing from sociology, philosophy, psychology, and sexuality studies, sociologist Tey Meadow depicts the intricate social processes that shape gender acquisition. Where once atypical gender expression was considered a failure of gender, now it is a form of gender. Engaging and rigorously argued, Trans Kids underscores the centrality of ever more particular configurations of gender in both our physical and psychological lives, and the increasing embeddedness of personal identities in social institutions.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Tey Meadow
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Release: 2018-08-17
File: 320 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780520964167

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