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Is there one central mechanism upon which all human thinking rests? Cognitive scientists Douglas Hofstadter and Emmanuel Sander argue that there is. At this core is our incessant proclivity to take what we perceive, to abstract it, and to find resemblances to prior experiences--in other words, our ability to make analogies. In The Essence of Thought, Hofstadter and Sander show how analogy-making pervades our thought at all levels--indeed, that we make analogies not once a day or once an hour, but many times per second. Thus, analogy is the mechanism that, silently and hidden, chooses our words and phrases for us when we speak, frames how we understand the most banal everyday situation, guides us in unfamiliar situations, and gives rise to great acts of imagination. We categorize because of analogies that range from simple to subtle, and thus our categories, throughout our lives, expand and grow ever more fluid. Through examples galore and lively prose peppered, needless to say, with analogies large and small, Hofstadter and Sander offer us a new way of thinking about thinking.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
Release: 2013-04-23
File: 592 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780465021581

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Shows how analogy-making pervades human thought at all levels, influencing the choice of words and phrases in speech, providing guidance in unfamiliar situations, and giving rise to great acts of imagination.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Douglas Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
Release: 2013-04-23
File: 592 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780465018475

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Shows how analogy-making pervades human thought at all levels, influencing the choice of words and phrases in speech, providing guidance in unfamiliar situations, and giving rise to great acts of imagination.

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Genre: Analogy
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher:
Release: 2013
File: 578 Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:1065959837

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Can thought arise out of matter? Can self, soul, consciousness, “I” arise out of mere matter? If it cannot, then how can you or I be here? I Am a Strange Loop argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the “strange loop”—a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains. The most central and complex symbol in your brain is the one called “I.” The “I” is the nexus in our brain, one of many symbols seeming to have free will and to have gained the paradoxical ability to push particles around, rather than the reverse. How can a mysterious abstraction be real—or is our “I” merely a convenient fiction? Does an “I” exert genuine power over the particles in our brain, or is it helplessly pushed around by the laws of physics? These are the mysteries tackled in I Am a Strange Loop, Douglas Hofstadter's first book-length journey into philosophy since Gödel, Escher, Bach. Compulsively readable and endlessly thought-provoking, this is a moving and profound inquiry into the nature of mind.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
Release: 2007-08-01
File: 436 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780465008377

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Hofstadter's collection of quirky essays is unified by its primary concern: to examine the way people perceive and think.

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Genre: Psychology
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books
Release: 2008-08-04
File: 880 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780786723867

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Essays from some of the 20th century's greatest thinkers explore topics as diverse as artificial intelligence, evolution, science fiction, philosophy, reductionism, and consciousness, presenting a variety of conflicting visions of the self and the soul. Illustrations.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
Release: 2000
File: 501 Pages
ISBN-13: 0465030912

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'What is a self and how can a self come out of inanimate matter?' This is the riddle that drove Douglas Hofstadter to write this extraordinary book. In order to impart his original and personal view on the core mystery of human existence - our intangible sensation of 'I'-ness - Hofstadter defines the playful yet seemingly paradoxical notion of 'strange loop', and explicates this idea using analogies from many disciplines.

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Genre: Art and music
Author: Douglas R. Hofstadter
Publisher: Penguin Group(CA)
Release: 2000
File: 832 Pages
ISBN-13: 0140289208

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Analogy--recalling familiar past situations to deal with novel ones--is a mental tool that everyone uses. Analogy can provide invaluable creative insights, but it can also lead to dangerous errors. In Mental Leaps two leading cognitive scientists show how analogy works and how it can be used most effectively. Keith Holyoak and Paul Thagard provide a unified, comprehensive account of the diverse operations and applications of analogy, including problem solving, decision making, explanation, and communication. Holyoak and Thagard present their own theory of analogy, considering its implications for cognitive science in general, and survey examples from many other domains. These include animal cognition, developmental and social psychology, political science, philosophy, history of science, anthropology, and literature. Understanding how we draw analogies is important for people interested in the evolution of thinking in animals and in children; for those whose focus is on either creative thinking or errors of everyday reasoning; for those concerned with how decisions are made in law, business, and politics; and for those striving to improve education. Mental Leaps covers all of this ground, emphasizing the principles that govern the use of analogy and keeping technical matters to a minimum. A Bradford Book

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Genre: Psychology
Author: Keith J. Holyoak
Publisher: MIT Press
Release: 1995
File: 320 Pages
ISBN-13: 0262581442

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Jeremy Bernstein guides readers through high-energy physics from early twentieth-century atomic models to leptons, mesons, quarks, and the newly discovered Higgs boson, drawing them into the excitement of a universe where 80 percent of all matter has never been identified. From molecules to galaxies, the more we discover, the less we seem to know.

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Genre: Science
Author: Jeremy Bernstein
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release: 2013-03-11
File: 212 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780674073623

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Contemporary investigations of the Whorfian idea that language influences how we perceive and understand the world.

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Genre: Psychology
Author: Dedre Gentner
Publisher: MIT Press
Release: 2003
File: 528 Pages
ISBN-13: 0262571633

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