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To achieve quality education in American schools, we need a better understanding of the way classroom instruction works. Susan S. Stodolsky addresses this need with her pioneering analysis of the interrelations between forms of instruction, levels of student involvement, and subject matter. Her intensive observation of fifth-grade math and social studies classes reveals that subject matter, a variable overlooked in recent research, has a profound effect on instructional practice. Stodolsky presents a challenge to educational research. She shows that classroom activities are coherent actions shaped by the instructional context—especially what is taught. Stodolsky contradicts the received view of both teaching and learning as uniform and consistent. Individual teachers arrange instruction very differently, depending on what they are teaching, and students respond to instruction very differently, depending on the structure and demands of the lesson. The instructional forms used in math classes, a "basic" subject, and social studies classes, an "enrichment" subject, differ even when the same teacher conducts both classes. Social studies classes show more diversity in activities, while math classes are very similar to one another. Greater variety is found in social studies within a given teacher's class and when different teachers' classes are compared. Nevertheless, in the classrooms Stodolsky studied, the range of instructional arrangements is very constricted. Challenging the "back to basics" movement, Stodolsky's study indicates that, regardless of subject matter, students are more responsive to instruction that requires a higher degree of intellectual complexity and performance, to learning situations that involve them in interaction with their peers, and to active modes of learning. Stodolsky also argues that students develop ideas about how to learn a school subject, such as math, by participating in particular activities tied to instruction in the subject. These conceptions about learning are unplanned but enduring and significant consequences of schooling. The Subject Matters has important implications for instructional practice and the training, education, and supervision of teachers. Here is a new way of understanding the dynamics of teaching and learning that will transform how we think about schools and how we study them.

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Genre: Education
Author: Susan S. Stodolsky
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release: 1988-04-25
File: 196 Pages
ISBN-13: 0226775119

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Focusing on masterworks by Van Eyck and Rubens, define three levels of iconography (subject matter). Also study the academic codifying and ranking of subject matter in art, probing subject and deeper meaning in a variety of religious and history paintings, still lifes, landscapes, portraits, and genre works.

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Genre: Art
Author:
Publisher:
Release:
File: Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:1181886936

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What can we currently make of 'the subject'? Under the sway of structuralism and poststructuralism, critical thinking took a distinctly negative turn, effectively disqualifying any form of subjectivity as a reference point in discussions of textual or literary meaning. Since the mid-1970s, however, throughout the human sciences, human agency has been restored as both a methodological principle and an ethical value: a phenomenon broadly designated as 'the return of the subject'. Yet the returning subject bears the traces of its problematization... The present collection of essays explores the ways in which the subject now 'matters', both in principle and in the variety of critical approaches in authorizes. Essays, which are both literary and theoretical in character, cover authors, texts and issues in French literature from Descartes to the present. A wide range of types of writing is examined, from established forms such as the novel to relatively marginal and generically unsystematized discursive practices such as automatic writing and the 'récit de rêve'. Though it shuns 'closure' in a matter which remains ultimately elusive, this book offers some account of the types of answer which remain open and of those we have learned to leave behind.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Paul Gifford
Publisher: Rodopi
Release: 2000
File: 243 Pages
ISBN-13: 9042006307

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SUBJECT MATTERS is a collection of prose poems that brings to mind the static magic of Robbe-Grillet's SNAPSHOTS or the haunting precision of Killarney Clary's WHO WHISPERED NEAR ME. As the title implies, the subject does matter. Sanders allows his imagination to unleash itself in search of salvation much more than knowledge. If the reader feels on unsure footing in these mostly tri-partite pieces, it is because the author does too, with glee. No stone is left unturned as Sanders careens from poem to poem. The parade of images and pageant of emotion in the end is both delightful and disturbing. As the poet writes, "the empire of ego was spellbound." And remains so.

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Genre: Poetry
Author: Tony Sanders
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Release: 2014-03-25
File: 80 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781493165612

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The aim of this book is to expand the subject and matter of architecture, and to explore their interdependence. There are now many architectures. This book acknowledges architecture far beyond the familiar boundaries of the discipline and reassesses the object at its centre: the building. Architectural matter is not always physical or building fabric. It is whatever architecture is made of, whether words, bricks, blood cells, sounds or pixels. The fifteen chapters are divided into three sections - on buildings, spaces and bodies - which each deal with a particular understanding of architecture and architectural matter. The richness and diversity of subjects and materials discussed in this book locates architecture firmly in the world as a whole, not just the domain of architects. In stating that architecture is far more than the work of architects, this book aims not to deny the importance of architects in the production of architecture but to see their role in more balanced terms and to acknowledge other architectural producers. Architecture can, for example, be found in the incisions of a surgeon, the instructions of a choreographer or the movements of a user. Architecture can be made of anything and by anyone.

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Genre: Architecture
Author: Jonathan Hill
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release: 2001
File: 254 Pages
ISBN-13: 0415235456

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Genre:
Author: Jeremy Robson
Publisher:
Release: 2017-04-01
File: 84 Pages
ISBN-13: 0995563527

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With this sweeping reinterpretation of early cultural encounters between the English and American natives, Joyce E. Chaplin thoroughly alters our historical view of the origins of English presumptions of racial superiority, and of the role science and technology played in shaping these notions. By placing the history of science and medicine at the very center of the story of early English colonization, Chaplin shows how contemporary European theories of nature and science dramatically influenced relations between the English and Indians within the formation of the British Empire. In Chaplin's account of the earliest contacts, we find the English--impressed by the Indians' way with food, tools, and iron--inclined to consider Indians as partners in the conquest and control of nature. Only when it came to the Indians' bodies, so susceptible to disease, were the English confident in their superiority. Chaplin traces the way in which this tentative notion of racial inferiority hardened and expanded to include the Indians' once admirable mental and technical capacities. Here we see how the English, beginning from a sense of bodily superiority, moved little by little toward the idea of their mastery over nature, America, and the Indians--and how this progression is inextricably linked to the impetus and rationale for empire.

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Genre: History
Author: Joyce E. CHAPLIN
Publisher:
Release: 2001
File: 411 Pages
ISBN-13: UOM:39015051289364

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Genre: Patents
Author: Great Britain. Patent Office
Publisher:
Release: 1869
File: Pages
ISBN-13: NYPL:33433063028447

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Genre: Patents
Author: Great Britain. Patent Office
Publisher:
Release: 1887
File: Pages
ISBN-13: NYPL:33433063030062

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Genre: Caribbean literature (English)
Author: Nan Peacocke
Publisher:
Release: 2006
File: 332 Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:1097293046

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