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Genre:
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher:
Release: 2019
File: Pages
ISBN-13: 3110551977

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Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to thephilosophical relevance of Islamic theology (kalam) and mysticism--the Sufi tradition within Islam, and Kabbalah among Jews--and to science, with chapters on disciplines like optics and astronomy. The first partof the book looks at the blossoming of Islamic theology and responses to the Greek philosophical tradition in the world of Arabic learning, the second discusses philosophy in Muslim Spain (Andalusia), and a third section looks in unusual detail at later developments, touching on philosophy in the Ottoman, Mughal, and Safavid empires.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release: 2016-07-07
File: 544 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780199577491

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This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release: 2019-09-02
File: 328 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783110552188

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What is language? How did it originate and how does it work? What is its relation to thought and, beyond thought, to reality? Questions like these have been at the center of lively debate ever since the rise of scholarly activities in the Islamic world during the 8th/9th century. However, in contrast to contemporary philosophy, they were not tackled by scholars adhering to only one specific discipline. Rather, they were addressed across multiple fields and domains, no less by linguists, legal theorists, and theologians than by Aristotelian philosophers. In response to the different challenges faced by these disciplines, highly sophisticated and more specialized areas emerged, comparable to what nowadays would be referred to as semantics, pragmatics, and hermeneutics, to name but a few – fields of research that are pursued to this day and still flourish in some of the traditional schools. Philosophy of language, thus, has been a major theme throughout Islamic intellectual culture in general; a theme which, probably due to its trans-disciplinary nature, has largely been neglected by modern research. This book brings together for the first time experts from the various fields involved, in order to explore the riches of this tradition and make them accessible to a broader public interested both in philosophy and the history of ideas more generally.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Nadja Germann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release: 2020-11-23
File: 357 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783110552232

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In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century. Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths to consider the broad philosophical questions that continue to invite debate: What is the relationship between reason and religious belief? What is the possibility of proving God's existence? What is the nature of knowledge? Drawing on the most recent research in the field, this book challenges the assumption of the cultural decline of philosophy and science in the Islamic world by demonstrating its rich heritage and overlap with other faiths and philosophies.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release: 2015-09-24
File: 144 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780191506581

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This book brings together the study of two great disciplines of the Islamic world: law and philosophy. In both sunni and shiite Islam, it became the norm for scholars to acquire a high level of expertise in the legal tradition. Thus some of the greatest names in the history of Aristotelianism were trained jurists, like Averroes, or commented on the status and nature of law, like al-Fārābī. While such authors sought to put law in its place relative to the philosophical disciplines, others criticized philosophy from a legal viewpoint, like al-Ghazālī and Ibn Taymiyya. But this collection of papers does not only explore the relative standing of law and philosophy. It also looks at how philosophers, theologians, and jurists answered philosophical questions that arise from jurisprudence itself. What is the logical structure of a well-formed legal argument? What standard of certainty needs to be attained in passing down judgments, and how is that standard reached? What are the sources of valid legal judgment and what makes these sources authoritative? May a believer be excused on grounds of ignorance? Together the contributions provide an unprecedented demonstration of the close connections between philosophy and law in Islamic society, while also highlighting the philosophical interest of texts normally studied only by legal historians.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Peter Adamson
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release: 2019-09-02
File: 328 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783110552386

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Philosophy flourished in the Islamic world for many centuries, and continues to be a significant feature of cultural life today. Now available in paperback, The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy covers all the major and many minor philosophers, theologians, and mystics who contributed to its development. With entries on over 300 thinkers and key concepts in Islamic philosophy, this updated landmark work also includes a timeline, glossary and detailed bibliography. It goes beyond philosophy to reference all kinds of theoretical inquiry which were often linked with philosophy, such as the Islamic sciences, grammar, theology, law, and traditions. Every major school of thought, from classical Peripatetic philosophy to Sufi mysticism, is represented, and entries range across time from the early years of the faith to the modern period. Featuring an international group of authors from South East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, the Middle East and North Africa, Europe and North America, The Biographical Encyclopedia of Islamic Philosophy provides access to the ideas and people comprising almost 1400 years of Islamic philosophical tradition.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Oliver Leaman
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release: 2015-07-16
File: 736 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781472569462

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In Islamic Jurisprudence on the Regulation of Armed Conflict, Nesrine Badawi offers a survey of key Islamic legal texts on the subject and analyses the relationship between their deductive structures and the contexts witnessed at the time of their development.

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Genre: History
Author: Nesrine Badawi
Publisher: BRILL
Release: 2019-10-01
File: 284 Pages
ISBN-13: 9789004410626

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Ibn Taymiyya (1263–1328) of Damascus was one of the most prominent and controversial religious scholars of medieval Islam. He called for jihad against the Mongol invaders of Syria, appealed to the foundational sources of Islam for reform, and battled against religious innovation. Today, he inspires such diverse movements as Global Salafism, Islamic revivalism and modernism, and violent jihadism. This volume synthesizes the latest research, discusses many little-known aspects of Ibn Taymiyya’s thought, and highlights the religious utilitarianism that pervades his activism, ethics, and theology. CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 EARLY CAREER AND THE MONGOL INVASIONS The Formative Years Appearance, Character, and Personal Relationships Early Engagements with Religious Law Early Engagements with Theology The Mongol Invasion of 1299–1300 The Mongol Invasions of 1300–1301 and 1303 Christians in the Wake of the Mongols 2 LATER CAREER AND MAJOR TRIALS Conflicts with Sufis The 1306 Damascus Trials over Theology Imprisonments in Egypt over Theology and Sufism 1306–1310 Final Years in Egypt 1310–1313 Back in Damascus Teaching and Writing The 1318 Nusayri Revolt Trials over Divorce Oaths Final Imprisonment over Grave Visitation 1326–1328 3 THE PRIORITY OF WORSHIP Worship and the Human Natural Constitution A Spirituality of Love Divinity and Lordship Command and Creation Sainthood 4 WORSHIP, LAW, AND INNOVATION Worship and the Law Worship Rituals: Lawful and Innovated Spiritual Concert and Annihilation Benefit and the Law Innovated Festivals and the Prophet’s Birthday Grave Visitation and Intercession Ibn Taymiyya and Sufism 5 JURISTIC AUTHORITY AND DERIVING GOD’S LAW The Sunni Law School System Back to the Qur’an and the Sunna Forbidding Chess Invalidating Triple Divorce 6 UTILITARIAN SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ETHICS Social Ethics The Caliphate Public Authority and the Law Law-Guided Public Policy Trusts of public office and public wealth Justice: the limits and rights of God and humans Jihad 7 GOD AND CREATION Kalam Theology Esotericism Non-cognitivism Apologetic Interpretativism God is Sitting Over the Throne The Timelessly Eternal God of Philosophy and Kalam God Wills for Wise Purposes and Creates from Eternity 8 GOD AND HUMANITY Justice, Evil, and the Human Act God’s Protection of Prophets The Signs of a True Prophet Christianity: An Object Lesson in Innovated Religion The Ultimate Destiny of Unbelievers 9 EPILOGUE Bibliography Index

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Genre: Religion
Author: Jon Hoover
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release: 2019-12-05
File: 176 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781786076908

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Genre:
Author: Sobhi Mahmassani
Publisher:
Release: 1946
File: 351 Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:913441299

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