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Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7, University of Wuppertal, course: Issues in American Society - Literary Negotiations, 2 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: American Psycho by Bret Easton Ellis and Cosmpolis by Don De Lillo both are stories that depict the decadence of their time, hinting at social, moral and political issues that are of importance in their respective times. In both books New York as the world centre of capitalism serves as a stage for two main characters who are shapen by the enormous amounts of money they have at their disposal. The characters and their interaction with society are the central points in both books. While Don De Lillo’s Cosmopolis deals at a time no clearly defined, which is probably supposed to be the post modern world of the early 2000s, Bret Easton Ellis’ book is set in the booming New York of the 80s where people who work on Wall Street are treated like pop stars and many of them well known as heroes of capitalism (e.g. Warren Buffet and Donald Trump). The book by Bret Easton Ellis takes us into this decadent cocain addicted world, that basically revolves the hunger for parties and sex. The book by Don De Lillo presents a totally different atmosphere. The atmosphere is rather shapen by fear of those that have come too short in the capitalist world and the security needs of those who work on wall street who have by now become anonymous figures, that may only be identified by their stretch limousines. The world of Cosmopolis has become darker and more dangerous; wild parties are no longer celebrated, just as get togethers of business people don’t seem to happen in public, mainly for security reasons. The pace of the world has also changed as computers and video transmit news from all over the world into cars that have become indistinguishable from offices. Yet both books have a lot in common in terms of the topics they deal with and the kinds of characters they portrait. While Cosmopolis only draws a kind of gloomy atmosphere, American Psycho is also one of the funniest books I have ever read and has been turned into a fantastic movie, with which I have compared some of the scenes.

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Genre: Literary Collections
Author: Timm Gehrmann
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2007-02-19
File: 16 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783638595117

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A brilliant billionaire asset manager, en route via white stretch limo to the local haircutter, finds his trip interrupted by a presidential motorcade, music idol's funeral, movie set, and violent political demonstration, and receives a number of important visitors in the fields of security, technology, currency, finance, and theory. Reprint. 75,000 first printing.

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Genre: Fiction
Author: Don DeLillo
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Release: 2004-04-06
File: 209 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780743244251

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Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: 1,0, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, language: English, abstract: The filming of Bret Easton Ellis’ bestseller novel American Psycho caused a major scandal after its publication in 2000 (Lee Brien). It covers the story of the serial killer Patrick Bateman, who enjoys a good reputation everywhere in Manhattan. Bateman is a young, athletic, handsome, successful, and stereotypical 1980s yuppie, who you are able to see in magazines, journals, advertising for Calvin Klein or Hugo Boss, and on Wall Street. On the other hand, he murders, rapes, tortures, mutilates, and cannibalizes his victims, but his cruel acts remain undetected. At first sight, Patrick’s behavior seems very irritating because he neither provides the audience with any reasons for his murders, nor with any psychological insight into his character to justify his actions. Taking a closer look, his behavior and violence are an expression of the materialistic, superficial nature of the American society to which Bateman wants to belong “and into which his sickness and inhumanity do actually ‘fit’” (Horsley 222). Although a lot of Bateman’s brutal actions are shown, at the end of the movie the audience comes to question if all these murders really happened because some inconsistencies in his story become apparent e.g. Bateman outlines the murder of a man, who at this point was not even in town. Therefore, the question is raised as to whether the murders are real or just a product of Bateman’s imagination, and if they are real, is the society so over the top that not even the crime matters and he is able to escape unpunished? In this paper, this question and especially what the murders are about to express either way will be analyzed in view of social criticism. Therefore, first of all, American society in the 1980s will be outlined to help the reader better understand the contemporary historical background to which the movie refers. Subsequently, the amoral materialism in American consumer society pictured in American Psycho will be described to clarify the social circumstances Bateman lives in. Accordingly, Bateman’s cruel actions will be analyzed and its truth content will be discussed to later on conclude that this kind of society is not able to fulfill his life and by the help of violence Bateman wants to escape the conformity of America’s superficial society.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Lena Groß
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2014-02-24
File: 11 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783656600947

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Multimedia hardware still cannot accommodate the demand for large amounts of visual data. Without the generation of high-quality video bitstreams, limited hardware capabilities will continue to stifle the advancement of multimedia technologies. Thorough grounding in coding is needed so that applications such as MPEG-4 and JPEG 2000 may come to fruition. Image and Video Compression for Multimedia Engineering provides a solid, comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals and algorithms that lead to the creation of new methods for generating high quality video bit streams. The authors present a number of relevant advances along with international standards. New to the Second Edition · A chapter describing the recently developed video coding standard, MPEG-Part 10 Advances Video Coding also known as H.264 · Fundamental concepts and algorithms of JPEG2000 · Color systems of digital video · Up-to-date video coding standards and profiles Visual data, image, and video coding will continue to enable the creation of advanced hardware, suitable to the demands of new applications. Covering both image and video compression, this book yields a unique, self-contained reference for practitioners tobuild a basis for future study, research, and development.

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Yun Q. Shi
Publisher: CRC Press
Release: 2008-03-24
File: 576 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781420007268

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Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,0, University of Stuttgart, 10 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Bret Easton Ellis’American psychohas been a highly controversial book. Many critics condemned this novel before it had been published so Ellis even had to search for a new publishing company. The indignation atAmerican psychohad been so fierce, it verged on hysteria and some interest groups (feminist and religious groups for instance) agitated against the author and his work1. The main reason why critics reacted that outraged was the explicit and detailed description of violence in this book2. In this paper I will discuss the appearence of violence inAmerican psycho.But first I want to create a picture of social phenomena in the USA of the 80’s as they are described in the novel, in order to provide the setting, the atmosphere in which the violence takes place. This will help to give an opinion of this violence and to interpret it. Then I will discuss how violence is presented in the text. In the fourth

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Genre: Literary Collections
Author: Florian Burkhardt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2005-11-04
File: 12 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783638435499

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In the seventeenth century, a vision arose which was to captivate the Western imagination for the next three hundred years: the vision of Cosmopolis, a society as rationally ordered as the Newtonian view of nature. While fueling extraordinary advances in all fields of human endeavor, this vision perpetuated a hidden yet persistent agenda: the delusion that human nature and society could be fitted into precise and manageable rational categories. Stephen Toulmin confronts that agenda—its illusions and its consequences for our present and future world. "By showing how different the last three centuries would have been if Montaigne, rather than Descartes, had been taken as a starting point, Toulmin helps destroy the illusion that the Cartesian quest for certainty is intrinsic to the nature of science or philosophy."—Richard M. Rorty, University of Virginia "[Toulmin] has now tackled perhaps his most ambitious theme of all. . . . His aim is nothing less than to lay before us an account of both the origins and the prospects of our distinctively modern world. By charting the evolution of modernity, he hopes to show us what intellectual posture we ought to adopt as we confront the coming millennium."—Quentin Skinner, New York Review of Books

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Genre: History
Author: Stephen Edelston Toulmin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release: 1992-11
File: 228 Pages
ISBN-13: 0226808386

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"Biophilia" is the term coined by Edward O. Wilson to describe what he believes is humanity's innate affinity for the natural world. In his landmark book Biophilia, he examined how our tendency to focus on life and lifelike processes might be a biologically based need, integral to our development as individuals and as a species. That idea has caught the imagination of diverse thinkers.The Biophilia Hypothesis brings together the views of some of the most creative scientists of our time, each attempting to amplify and refine the concept of biophilia. The variety of perspectives -- psychological, biological, cultural, symbolic, and aesthetic -- frame the theoretical issues by presenting empirical evidence that supports or refutes the hypothesis. Numerous examples illustrate the idea that biophilia and its converse, biophobia, have a genetic component: fear, and even full-blown phobias of snakes and spiders are quick to develop with very little negative reinforcement, while more threatening modern artifacts -- knives, guns, automobiles -- rarely elicit such a response people find trees that are climbable and have a broad, umbrella-like canopy more attractive than trees without these characteristics people would rather look at water, green vegetation, or flowers than built structures of glass and concrete The biophilia hypothesis, if substantiated, provides a powerful argument for the conservation of biological diversity. More important, it implies serious consequences for our well-being as society becomes further estranged from the natural world. Relentless environmental destruction could have a significant impact on our quality of life, not just materially but psychologically and even spiritually.

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Genre: Nature
Author: Stephen R. Kellert
Publisher: Island Press
Release: 1995-03-01
File: 496 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781597269063

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Research Paper (undergraduate) from the year 2003 in the subject Film Science, grade: A+, Concordia University Montreal (Mel Hoppenhim School For Cinema), course: Montage Aesthethics, language: English, abstract: Before I come to the main analysis of "A Corner In Wheat" (1909) by D.W. Griffith concerning Parallel and Continuity Editing, I would like to point out one special process of the development of filmmaking, which occurred in the first years since 1895. There by the most interesting part related to the topic of this paper is the development since the middle of the year 1907. At that time "the production companies began to observe a strict linear time frame ". (Musser, Archeology of the cinema, 1983, page 7) The process took part in mainly two phases. "First, there was an elimination of retrogressive elements like overlapping action [...] [, for instance] there is rapid cutting between proximate spaces and [...] a strong suggestion of a seamless linear temporality across shot." (Musser, p.7) Of course this means not yet an establishment of a hole strategies like a match cut on action - at that time there are still used intertitles for example - but it is a kind of development, which made the viewers aware of new possibilities of making films. Especially concerning the movement of time. "[They (the viewers) ] no longer had to wonder if action shown in a given scene occurred before or after a previously shown action" (Musser, p.7). The second phase created "new representational strategies based on this new form of temporality" (Musser, p.7). In the late 1907 the usage of parallel editing first appeared and got established concerning the linear temporality. Musser mentions the film "The Runaway Horse" from Pathé, which "explicitly acknowledged a linear temporality through its use of parallel editing." Parallel Editing means "cutting back and forth between two lines of actions" (Musser, p.7). [...]

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Genre: Performing Arts
Author: Oliver Schill
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2004-01-14
File: 11 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783638245227

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NATIONAL BESTSELLER • NAMED ONE OF THE TEN BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY VULTURE AND ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY NPR AND THE WALL STREET JOURNAL • A monumental, uproarious, and exuberant novel about the search—for love, truth, and the meaning of Life With The Internet. “More impressive than all but a few novels published so far this decade . . . a wheeling meditation on the wired life, on privacy, on what being human in the age of binary code might mean . . . [Joshua] Cohen, all of thirty-four, emerges as a major American writer.”—The New York Times The enigmatic billionaire founder of Tetration, the world’s most powerful tech company, hires a failed novelist, Josh Cohen, to ghostwrite his memoirs. The mogul, known as Principal, brings Josh behind the digital veil, tracing the rise of Tetration, which started in the earliest days of the Internet by revolutionizing the search engine before venturing into smartphones, computers, and the surveillance of American citizens. Principal takes Josh on a mind-bending world tour from Palo Alto to Dubai and beyond, initiating him into the secret pretext of the autobiography project and the life-or-death stakes that surround its publication. Insider tech exposé, leaked memoir-in-progress, international thriller, family drama, sex comedy, and biblical allegory, Book of Numbers renders the full range of modern experience both online and off. Embodying the Internet in its language, it finds the humanity underlying the virtual. Featuring one of the most unforgettable characters in contemporary fiction, Book of Numbers is an epic of the digital age, a triumph of a new generation of writers, and one of those rare books that renew the idea of what a novel can do. Please note that Book of Numbers uses a special pagination system inspired by binary notation: the part number precedes the page number, and is separated from it by a decimal point. Praise for Book of Numbers “The Great American Internet Novel is here. . . . Book of Numbers is a fascinating look at the dark heart of the Web. . . . A page-turner about life under the veil of digital surveillance . . . one of the best novels ever written about the Internet.”—Rolling Stone “A startlingly talented novelist . . . [His] deeply rewarding novel is about an online religion gone wrong—and its importance lies in the fact that nearly all of us in the modernized world are members of that faith, whether we know it or not.”—The Wall Street Journal “Remarkable . . . dazzling . . . Cohen’s literary gifts . . . suggest that something is possible, that something still might be done to safeguard whatever it is that makes us human.”—Francine Prose, The New York Review of Books “A hugely ambitious novel set in the high-tech world of now . . . a verbal high-wire act, daring in its tones and textures: clever, poetic, fast-moving, deeply playful, filled with jokes, savvy about machines, wise about people, dazzling and engrossing.”—Colm Tóibín, The Guardian “Joshua Cohen is the Great American Novelist. . . . Like Pynchon and Wallace, Cohen can write with tireless virtuosity about absolutely everything.”—Adam Kirsch, Tablet “A digital-age Ulysses.”—The New York Times Book Review “The next candidate for the Great American Novel . . . David Foster Wallace–level audacious.”—Details “A brilliant book.”—The Boston Globe From the Hardcover edition.

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Genre: Fiction
Author: Joshua Cohen
Publisher: Random House
Release: 2015-06-09
File: 592 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780812996920

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Examination Thesis from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1,5, University of Heidelberg, language: English, abstract: "Art has always reflected society. [...] Fight Club examines violence and the roots of frustration that are causing people to reach out for such radical solutions. And that's exactly the sort of discussion we should be having about our culture. Because a culture that doesn't examine its violence is a culture in denial, which is much more dangerous." This assessment of Fight Club by Edward Norton, who plays the narrator in the novel’s movie adaptation, explains the reasoning behind this thesis, which examines the basic principles of today’s consumer culture, its connection to aggression and violence, and the way these topics are presented in two contemporary novels: Bret Easton Ellis’s American Psycho and Chuck Palahniuk’s Fight Club. In these books, the respective protagonists face similar deadlocks connected to life in the consumerist world of the 1980s and 1990s. Despite, evidently, having everything a person could ask for, both main characters’ lives remain unfulfilled, leaving them frustrated and dissatisfied. As it turns out, acts of violence become the only thing that lets them get away from the boredom of their daily routine and gives them a sense of satisfaction.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Michael Frank
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2009-11-08
File: 47 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783640466887

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