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Leviathan or The Matter, Forme and Power of a Common-Wealth Ecclesiastical and Civil is a book written by an English materialist philosopher Thomas Hobbes about problems of the state existence and development. Leviathan is a name of a Bible monster, a symbol of nature powers that belittles a man. Hobbes uses this character to describe a powerful state (“God of the death”). He starts with a postulate about a natural human state (“the war of all against all”) and develops the idea “man is a wolf to a man”. When people stay for a long time in the position of an inevitable extermination they give a part of their natural rights, for the sake of their lives and general peace, according to an unspoken agreement to someone who is obliged to maintain a free usage of the rest of their rights – to the state. The state, a union of people, where the will of a single one (the state) is compulsory for everybody, has a task to regulate the relations between all the people. The book was banned several times in England and Russia.

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Genre: Fiction
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Strelbytskyy Multimedia Publishing
Release: 2018-08-22
File: Pages
ISBN-13: PKEY:SMP2300000057645

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After the publication of his masterpiece of political theory, Leviathan, Or the Matter, and Power of Commonwealth Ecclesiastic and Civil, in 1651, opponents charged Thomas Hobbes with atheism and banned and burned his books. The English Parliament, in a search for scapegoats, even claimed that the theories found in Leviathan were a likely cause of the Plague of 1665 and the Great Fire of 1666. For the modern reader, though, Hobbes is more recognized for his popular belief that humanity's natural condition is a state of perpetual war, with life being "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." Despite frequent challenges by other philosophers, Leviathan's secular theory of absolutism no longer stands out as particularly objectionable. In the description of the organization of states, moreover, we see Hobbes as strikingly current in his use of concepts that we still employ today, including the ideas of natural law, natural rights, and the social contract. Based on this work, one could even argue that Hobbes created English-language philosophy, insofar as Leviathan was the first great philosophical work written in English and one whose impact continues to the present day.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Barnes & Noble Publishing
Release: 2004
File: 512 Pages
ISBN-13: 0760755930

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Hobbes' 'Leviathan' is arguably the greatest piece of political philosophy written in the English language. Written in a time of great political turmoil, 'Leviathan' is an argument for obedience to authority grounded in an analysis of human nature.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Yale University Press
Release: 2010
File: 583 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780300163186

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Leviathan and the Air-Pump examines the conflicts over the value and propriety of experimental methods between two major seventeenth-century thinkers: Thomas Hobbes, author of the political treatise Leviathan and vehement critic of systematic experimentation in natural philosophy, and Robert Boyle, mechanical philosopher and owner of the newly invented air-pump. The issues at stake in their disputes ranged from the physical integrity of the air-pump to the intellectual integrity of the knowledge it might yield. Both Boyle and Hobbes were looking for ways of establishing knowledge that did not decay into ad hominem attacks and political division. Boyle proposed the experiment as cure. He argued that facts should be manufactured by machines like the air-pump so that gentlemen could witness the experiments and produce knowledge that everyone agreed on. Hobbes, by contrast, looked for natural law and viewed experiments as the artificial, unreliable products of an exclusive guild. The new approaches taken in Leviathan and the Air-Pump have been enormously influential on historical studies of science. Shapin and Schaffer found a moment of scientific revolution and showed how key scientific givens--facts, interpretations, experiment, truth--were fundamental to a new political order. Shapin and Schaffer were also innovative in their ethnographic approach. Attempting to understand the work habits, rituals, and social structures of a remote, unfamiliar group, they argued that politics were tied up in what scientists did, rather than what they said. Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer use the confrontation between Hobbes and Boyle as a way of understanding what was at stake in the early history of scientific experimentation. They describe the protagonists' divergent views of natural knowledge, and situate the Hobbes-Boyle disputes within contemporary debates over the role of intellectuals in public life and the problems of social order and assent in Restoration England. In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.

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Genre: Science
Author: Steven Shapin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Release: 2011-08-15
File: 448 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781400838493

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Genre:
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher:
Release: 1886
File: 320 Pages
ISBN-13: BML:37001103689126

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Genre: Political science
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher:
Release: 2003
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UVA:X004791834

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This Broadview edition of Hobbes's classic work of political philosophy includes the full text of Part I (Of Man), Part II (Of Commonwealth), and the Review and Conclusion. The appendices, which set the work in its historical context, include a rich selection of contemporary responses to Leviathan. Also included are an introduction, explanatory notes, and a chronology of Hobbes's life. Please note that the Broadview Edition of the complete Leviathan also remains available

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Genre: History
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher: Broadview Press
Release: 2005-04-14
File: 378 Pages
ISBN-13: 1551117509

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In this provocative new study, Professor Martinich shows that religious concerns pervade Leviathan and indicates how, for Hobbes, Christian doctrine is not politically destabilising and is consistent with modern science.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: A. P. Martinich
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 2003-02-20
File: 452 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521531233

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Genre: CHR 1651
Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publisher:
Release: 1651
File: 394 Pages
ISBN-13: BSB:BSB10860443

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A radical reinterpretation of Hobbes's Leviathan, focusing on that part of it devoted to religion.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: S. A. Lloyd
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 2003-12-18
File: 412 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521522323

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