humans

EXCERPT:

Much acclaimed, this book is now available in paperback. It provides an analytical framework for evaluating public health measures aimed at eradicating or controlling communicable diseases. The authors are leaders in the field. Their distinctive contribution has been to show the practice and far-reaching power of mathematical modelling in epidemiology, fully set out here for the first time.

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Product Details :

Genre : Medical
Author : Roy M. Anderson
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 1992-08-27
File : 757 Pages
ISBN-13 : 019854040X

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Authored by the world's leading scholar on altruism, and based on decades of research, this landmark work is an authoritative scholarly resource on the theory surrounding altruism and its potential contribution to better interpersonal relations and a greater society. --Book Jacket.

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Product Details :

Genre : Psychology
Author : Charles Daniel Batson
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2011
File : 329 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0195341066

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EXCERPT:

Kant claimed that the principal topics of philosophy all converge on one question: Was ist der Mensch? Starting with the main claim that conceptions of the human play a significant structuring role in theory construction, the contributors in this volume(renowned scholars from various disciplines - philosophy, anthropology, psychology, literary studies) investigate the roles that conceptions of the human play both in philosophy and in other human and social sciences.

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Product Details :

Genre : Social Science
Author : Neil Roughley
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2000
File : 426 Pages
ISBN-13 : 3110169746

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Melanie Mitchell separates science fact from science fiction in this sweeping examination of the current state of AI and how it is remaking our world No recent scientific enterprise has proved as alluring, terrifying, and filled with extravagant promise and frustrating setbacks as artificial intelligence. The award-winning author Melanie Mitchell, a leading computer scientist, now reveals AI’s turbulent history and the recent spate of apparent successes, grand hopes, and emerging fears surrounding it. In Artificial Intelligence, Mitchell turns to the most urgent questions concerning AI today: How intelligent—really—are the best AI programs? How do they work? What can they actually do, and when do they fail? How humanlike do we expect them to become, and how soon do we need to worry about them surpassing us? Along the way, she introduces the dominant models of modern AI and machine learning, describing cutting-edge AI programs, their human inventors, and the historical lines of thought underpinning recent achievements. She meets with fellow experts such as Douglas Hofstadter, the cognitive scientist and Pulitzer Prize–winning author of the modern classic Gödel, Escher, Bach, who explains why he is “terrified” about the future of AI. She explores the profound disconnect between the hype and the actual achievements in AI, providing a clear sense of what the field has accomplished and how much further it has to go. Interweaving stories about the science of AI and the people behind it, Artificial Intelligence brims with clear-sighted, captivating, and accessible accounts of the most interesting and provocative modern work in the field, flavored with Mitchell’s humor and personal observations. This frank, lively book is an indispensable guide to understanding today’s AI, its quest for “human-level” intelligence, and its impact on the future for us all.

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Product Details :

Genre : Computers
Author : Melanie Mitchell
Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release : 2019-10-15
File : 336 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9780374715236

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EXCERPT:

The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

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Product Details :

Genre : Psychology
Author : John Cartwright
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2000
File : 376 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0262531704

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This advanced textbook provides a unique overview of the microbial communities (normal indigenous microbiota) inhabiting those regions of the human body that are exposed to the external environment, including the skin, eyes, oral cavity and the respiratory, urinary, reproductive and gastrointestinal tracts. In order to understand why particular organisms are able to colonise an anatomical region and why the resulting microbial community has a particular composition, an ecological approach is essential. Consequently, the key anatomical and physiological characteristics of each body site are described throughout the book. The crucial roles of the indigenous microbiota in protecting against exogenous pathogens, regulating the development of our immune system and mucosae, and providing nutrients are also discussed. The involvement of these organisms in infections of healthy and debilitated individuals are discussed throughout and methods of manipulating the composition of the indigenous microbiota for the benefit of human health are also described.

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Product Details :

Genre : Medical
Author : Michael Wilson
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2005
File : 455 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0521841585

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In this book, John Birtchnell offers a new theory as the basis for a science of relating. While links can be made between it and classical interpersonal theory, it has many new and original features.; The theory states that the relating of humans must have evolved out of, and be in continuity with, the relating of all other animals. The fundamental relating objective of both humans and animals can most easily be defined Identifying That Basic Framework Of Motives Which Is Common To Both.; Birtchnell proposes that such a framework is best constructed around two major axes, a horizontal one concerning the degree to which we need to become involved with or separated from others, and a vertical one concerning the degree to which we choose to exercise power over others or permit others to exercise their power over us. We differ from other animals in the horizontal axis in the extent to which we have expanded our proclivity for close involvement, and on the vertical axis in the extent to which we have become prepared to utilize such forms of power as we have, or have acquired, for the benefit of others. As a consequence of our greater involvement, we are capable of being concerned about and respectful of the needs of others, and trusting of those who are prepared to utilize their power for our benefit, though we remain capable of being disrespectful and non-trusting.; The four objectives derived from the proposed framework are called closeness, distance, upperness and lowerness, and a large part of the book is devoted to describing their characteristics. The book also explores the use of the framework as a means of classifying personality disorders and mental illness.; This book shoud be of interest to professionals and students interested in human relationsships, including psychiatrists, clinical and social psychologists, and psychotherapists.

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Product Details :

Genre : Psychology
Author : John Birtchnell
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 1996
File : 302 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0863774326

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The bestselling, award-winning author of The Radleys is back with his funniest, most devastating dark comedy yet, a “silly, sad, suspenseful, and soulful” (Philadelphia Inquirer) novel that’s “full of heart” (Entertainment Weekly). When an extra-terrestrial visitor arrives on Earth, his first impressions of the human species are less than positive. Taking the form of Professor Andrew Martin, a prominent mathematician at Cambridge University, the visitor is eager to complete the gruesome task assigned him and hurry home to his own utopian planet, where everyone is omniscient and immortal. He is disgusted by the way humans look, what they eat, their capacity for murder and war, and is equally baffled by the concepts of love and family. But as time goes on, he starts to realize there may be more to this strange species than he had thought. Disguised as Martin, he drinks wine, reads poetry, develops an ear for rock music, and a taste for peanut butter. Slowly, unexpectedly, he forges bonds with Martin’s family. He begins to see hope and beauty in the humans’ imperfection, and begins to question the very mission that brought him there. Praised by The New York Times as a “novelist of great seriousness and talent,” author Matt Haig delivers an unlikely story about human nature and the joy found in the messiness of life on Earth. The Humans is a funny, compulsively readable tale that playfully and movingly explores the ultimate subject—ourselves.

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Product Details :

Genre : Fiction
Author : Matt Haig
Publisher : Simon and Schuster
Release : 2013-07-02
File : 304 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781476727929

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A fascinating, detailed study of the origins of modern humans. Includes material from Willoughby's own research in Tanzania.

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Product Details :

Genre : History
Author : Pamela R. Willoughby
Publisher : Rowman Altamira
Release : 2007
File : 439 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0759101191

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EXCERPT:

A controversial scientific vision predicts a time in which humans and machines will merge and create a new form of non-biological intelligence, explaining how the occurrence will solve such issues as pollution, hunger, and aging.

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Product Details :

Genre : Science
Author : Ray Kurzweil
Publisher : Univ. Press of Mississippi
Release : 2005
File : 652 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0670033847

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