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This is a comprehensive study of China's economic reforms, from their beginnings at the end of 1978 through the completion of many of the initial reform measures during 1993. The features of Chinese reform that differ from the former USSR are highlighted.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Barry Naughton
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 1996-09-30
File: 379 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521574625

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The transition from socialism to capitalism in former socialist economies is one ofthe main economic events of the twentieth century. Not only does it affect the lives ofapproximately 1.65 billion people, but it is contributing to a shift in emphasis in economics fromstandard price and monetary theory to contracting and its institutional environment. Economicresearch in transition shows not only that institutions matter but also how their evolution towardhigher efficiency depends on initial conditions and on sustained political support.Unlike earlypolicy literature on transition economics, which focused on the so-called Washington consensus, thisbook provides an overview of current research, analyzing issues raised by transition for whicheconomic theorists and policy makers had no ready answers. It shows how research on transitioncontributes to our understanding of capitalism as an economic system and of the dynamics oflarge-scale institutional change.The book is divided into three parts. The first part looks at howlarge-scale reforms are decided dynamically through the political process. The second part looks atthe general equilibrium and macroeconomic effects of liberalization in economies without preexistingmarkets. The third part looks at the economic behavior of firms in the transition from state toprivate ownership and compares the effects of privatization, restructuring, and financial reform.Although focused on transition economics, the discussions are relevant to topics in politicaleconomics, development, public economics, corporate finance, and micro- andmacroeconomics.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Gérard Roland
Publisher: MIT Press
Release: 2000
File: 400 Pages
ISBN-13: 026268148X

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Genre: Architectural drawing
Author: International Correspondence Schools
Publisher:
Release: 1899
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UVA:X000568822

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Publisher: IICA Biblioteca Venezuela
Release:
File: Pages
ISBN-13:

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Understanding the drivers and inhibitors of economic growth is critical for promoting development in less developed countries, including India. This book examines economic growth in India from 1951 to the present, challenging many accepted orthodox views. It argues that growth and stagnation should be considered over the medium term, and that the precise role of the state – in relation to particular historical and political-economic circumstances – is more important than the overall level of state involvement or disengagement. The book uses an empirical approach to contend that the state has an important role in several key areas including: mobilising a surplus; allocating the surplus in an efficient way to productive investment projects; and in building institutions (including political parties) through which conflict can managed between the different losers and rent-seekers affected by economic changes. It shows how, over time and in periods of growth and stagnation, the state in India has acted in key areas, and how the actions of the state has had a profound impact on economic outcomes. Overall, the book makes a major contribution to understanding the economic history of development in India and to understanding the role of the state in economic development more generally.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Matthew McCartney
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2009-05-07
File: 304 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781134023202

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Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.

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Genre: Political Science
Author: David Steven
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Release: 2014-11-21
File: 365 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780815725343

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This volume connects the evolving modern financial systems of China, Japan, and Korea to the development and growth of their economies through the first decade of the twenty-first century. It also identifies the commonalities among all three systems while accounting for their social, political, and institutional differences. Essays consider the reforms of the Chinese economy since 1978, the underwhelming performance of the Japanese economy since about 1990, and the growth of the Korean economy over the past three decades. These economies engaged in rapid catch-up growth processes and share similar economic structures. Yet while domestic forces have driven each country's financial trajectory, international short-term financial flows have presented opportunities and challenges for them all. The nature and role of the financial system in generating real economic growth, though nuanced and complex, is integral to these countries. The result is a fascinating spectrum of experiences with powerful takeaways.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Yung Chul Park
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release: 2013-11-26
File: 376 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780231536462

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Explores juvenile offenders within the criminal justice climate and amongst changes in the way young people are dealt with by courts, police and youth offending teams. This book includes arguments about managing offending behaviour.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Andrew Rutherford
Publisher: Waterside Press
Release: 2002-03-01
File: 163 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781906534189

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Genre: Interstate commerce
Author: United States. Interstate Commerce Commission
Publisher:
Release: 1940
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UIUC:30112105102146

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In their introduction to the 1998 edition of Democracy in East Asia, Larry Diamond and Marc F. Plattner predicted that East Asia, with its remarkable diversity of political regimes, economies, and religions, would likely be the most critical arena in the global struggle for democracy, a prediction that has proven prescient. Although the recent political upheavals in the Middle East have understandably grabbed the world’s attention, there is reason to doubt whether the overthrow of some authoritarian regimes there will lead to the establishment of stable democracies any time soon. On the other hand, East Asia, the world’s most populous and economically dynamic region, already boasts several consolidated democracies and provides a fascinating laboratory for studies of both authoritarian resilience and the prospects for democratization. This updated volume, which features contributions by distinguished scholars in East Asian studies, will be welcomed by instructors and students in the field, particularly as U.S. foreign policy is in the process of undertaking a "pivot" toward Asia. Democracy in East Asia offers a comprehensive treatment of the political landscape in both Northeast and Southeast Asia, including discussions of China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, and Burma (Myanmar). Contributors: Larry Diamond, Marc F. Plattner, Francis Fukuyama, Minxin Pei, Yun-han Chu, Hyug Baeg Im, Thitinan Pongsudhirak, Dan Slater, Martin Gainsborough, Don Emmerson, Edward Aspinall, Mark Thompson, Benjamin Reilly, Joseph Wong, Chong-Min Park, Yu-tzung Chang

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Genre: Political Science
Author: Larry Diamond
Publisher: JHU Press
Release: 2013-02-15
File: 288 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781421409696

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