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The utilisation of renewable energies is not at all new; in the history of mankind renewable energies have for a long time been the primary possibility of generating energy. This only changed with industrial revolution when lignite and hard coal became increasingly more important. Later on, also crude oil gained importance. Offering the advantages of easy transportation and processing also as a raw material, crude oil has become one of the prime energy carriers applied today. Moreover, natural gas used for space heating and power provision as well as a transportation fuel has become increasingly important, as it is abundantly available and only requires low investments in terms of energy conversion facilities. As fossil energy carriers were increasingly used for energy generation, at least by the industrialised countries, the application of renewable energies decreased in absolute and relative terms; besides a few exceptions, renewable energies are of secondary importance with regard to overall energy generation.

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Genre: Science
Author: Martin Kaltschmitt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2007-06-03
File: 564 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783540709497

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This publication contains information on the expert consultation which took place in October 2001 in Rome, Italy, organised by the FAO in conjunction with the WHO and the United Nations University, to consider human energy requirements of populations throughout the life cycle and to make dietary energy recommendations. The report includes a CD-ROM with software and instruction manual on calculating population energy requirements and food needs.

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Release: 2004
File: 96 Pages
ISBN-13: 9251052123

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: R. J. Eden
Publisher: CUP Archive
Release: 1981
File: 442 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521281601

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This timely and comprehensive book is a one stop shop for anyone interested in the nexus between energy and security. Bringing the perspectives of the best experts in the field it sheds light on the role of energy in modern life and the various approaches countries use to achieve energy security.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Gal Luft
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
Release: 2009
File: 372 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780275999971

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Genre: Direct energy conversion
Author: V. Kadambi
Publisher: New Age International
Release: 1974
File: 322 Pages
ISBN-13: 0852264526

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EU-Russian energy dialogue represents a policy issue that forces us to take a serious look at several crucial questions related to the present and future of Europe. This book not only outlines the overall characteristics of the energy dialogue, but also illustrates the involved policy implementation challenges by paying special attention to the regional context of northern Europe.

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Genre: Political Science
Author: Pami Aalto
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Release: 2008
File: 220 Pages
ISBN-13: 0754648087

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Genre: Electric power distribution
Author: C. L. Wadhwa
Publisher: New Age International
Release: 1989
File: 391 Pages
ISBN-13: 8122400736

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Energy Harvesting Technologies provides a cohesive overview of the fundamentals and current developments in the field of energy harvesting. In a well-organized structure, this volume discusses basic principles for the design and fabrication of bulk and MEMS based vibration energy systems, theory and design rules required for fabrication of efficient electronics, in addition to recent findings in thermoelectric energy harvesting systems. Combining leading research from both academia and industry onto a single platform, Energy Harvesting Technologies serves as an important reference for researchers and engineers involved with power sources, sensor networks and smart materials.

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Shashank Priya
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2008-11-28
File: 524 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780387764641

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Genre: Economic development
Author: Philip O'Keefe
Publisher: Nordic Africa Institute
Release: 1984
File: 185 Pages
ISBN-13: 9171062254

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In the lifetimes of the authors, the world and especially the United States have received three significant “wake-up calls” on energy production and consumption. The first of these occurred on October 15, 1973 when the Yom Kippur War began with an attack by Syria and Egypt on Israel. The United States and many western countries supported Israel. Because of the western support of Israel, several Arab oil exporting nations imposed an oil embargo on the west. These nations withheld five million barrels of oil per day. Other countries made up about one million barrels of oil per day but the net loss of four million barrels of oil production per day extended through March of 1974. This represented 7% of the free world’s (i. e. , excluding the USSR) oil production. In 1972 the price of crude oil was about $3. 00 per barrel and by the end of 1974 the price of oil had risen by a factor of 4 to over $12. 00. This resulted in one of the worst recessions in the post World War II era. As a result, there was a movement in the United States to become energy independent. At that time the United States imported about one third of its oil (about five million barrels per day). After the embargo was lifted, the world chose to ignore the “wake-up call” and went on with business as usual.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Tushar Ghosh
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2009-06-17
File: 778 Pages
ISBN-13: 9789048123827

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