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Databook of Green Solvents, Second Edition, includes data and information that is divided into five separate sections: General, Physical, Health, Environmental and Use. Readers interested in this subject should note that two other volumes on all essential areas of solvent usage have also been published. They include Handbook of Solvents. Volume One, Properties and Handbook of Solvents, Volume Two: Use, Health, and Environment. Together, these books provide the most comprehensive information on the subject matter. The books are the authoritative sources of knowledge, with information updated from the most recent literature and developments occurring in the field of solvents. Contains more than 300 green solvents, from biodegradable and biorenewable, to siloxanes and perfluorocarbons Provides practical information for use in the lab and in the field, including recommended processing methods, recommended dosages and potential substitutes Provides critical health, safety and environmental data to help production chemists and engineers select the correct solvent Emphasis is placed on safer, more efficient replacements of more toxic solvents

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Genre: Science
Author: Anna Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
Release: 2019-02-15
File: 594 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781927885444

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Solvents are used in nearly all industries, from cosmetics to semiconductors, and from biotechnology research to iron and steel production. This book is a comprehensive and extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use. It is a balanced presentation of solvent performance, processing characteristics, and environment and health issues. The book is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards on solvent use, handling, and disposal. The third edition contains the most recent findings and trends in the solvent application. This volume, together with Vol. 2: Use, Health & Environment, Databook of Green Solvents, and Databook of Solvents, contains the most comprehensive, and up to date information ever published on solvents. Each chapter in this volume is focused on a specific aspect of solvent properties which determine its selection, such as effect on properties of solutes and solutions, properties of different groups of solvents and the summary of their applications' effect on health and environment (given in tabulated form), swelling of solids in solvents, solvent diffusion and drying processes, nature of interaction of solvent and solute in solutions, acid-base interactions, effect of solvents on spectral and other electronic properties of solutions, effect of solvents on rheology of solution, aggregation of solutes, permeability, molecular structure, crystallinity, configuration, and conformation of dissolved high molecular weight compounds, methods of application of solvent mixtures to enhance the range of their applicability, and effect of solvents on chemical reactions and reactivity of dissolved substances. Provides key insights that will help engineers and scientists select the best solvent for the job Includes practical information and ideas on how to improve existing processes involving solvents Brings together a selection of authors who are specialists in their areas Presents the latest advances in solvent technology and their applications

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Genre: Science
Author: George Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
Release: 2019-02-21
File: 910 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781927885406

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Databook of Solvents, Second Edition, has been redesigned to include all high production volume solvents and has been completely updated with the most up-to-date findings, data and commercial developments. With more than 250 of the most essential solvents used in everyday industrial practice, the book includes their physical properties, health and safety considerations (such as carcinogenicity, reproduction/developmental toxicity, flammability), and first aid guidance. Emphasis is placed on cost-saving and efficient replacements for more toxic solvents. Detailed information is also given for usage considerations, including outstanding properties, potential substitutes, features, and recommended benefits for each solvent. Includes more than 250 of the most essential solvents Provides practical information for use in the lab and the field, including recommended processing methods, dosages and potential substitutes Presents environmental considerations, thus enabling practitioners to find more efficient replacements for toxic solvents

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Genre: Science
Author: Anna Wypych
Publisher: ChemTec Publishing
Release: 2019-03-21
File: 800 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781927885451

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Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Green Inorganic Synthesis provides an in-depth review of the synthesis of inorganic materials utilizing green chemistry protocols. It summarizes the green synthesis methods used for the preparation, processing and development of inorganic materials. The methods for the synthesis of various inorganic materials includes microwaves, sonochemical, electrochemical, bioinspired, enzyme mediated, sol-gel, solid state, etc. It also includes green-solvents driven inorganic material synthesis using ionic liquids, supercritical fluids, plant-derived materials, and microorganisms. The content of this book provides useful information which may be used to inspire the readers to new synthetic routes for sustainable inorganic synthesis. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished experts in the field of inorganic chemistry. It is a unique book, extremely well structured and essential resource for undergraduate, postgraduate students, faculty, R&D professionals, production chemists, environmental engineers, and industrial experts. Essential study guide for inorganic chemical synthesis Provides a broad overview of eco-friendly methods in inorganic synthesis Bestows the latest advances in inorganic synthetic protocols Provides key references and details in each synthesis technique/methods Outlines eco-friendly inorganic synthesis and chemical processes using microwave, sonochemical and solid-state techniques

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Dr. Inamuddin
Publisher: Elsevier
Release: 2020-12-01
File: 298 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780128219010

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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

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Genre: Science
Author: Francesca Kerton
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Release: 2015-11-09
File: 350 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781782626138

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The use of additives in food is a dynamic one, as consumers demand fewer additives in foods and as governments review the list of additives approved and their permitted levels. Scientists also refine the knowledge of the risk assessment process as well as improve analytical methods and the use of alternative additives, processes or ingredients. Since the first edition of the Food Additives Databook was published, there have been numerous changes due to these developments and some additives are no longer permitted, some have new permitted levels of use and new additives have been assessed and approved. The revised second edition of this major reference work covers all the "must-have" technical data on food additives. Compiled by food industry experts with a proven track record of producing high quality reference work, this volume is the definitive resource for technologists in small, medium and large companies, and for workers in research, government and academic institutions. Coverage is of Preservatives, Enzymes, Gases, Nutritive additives, Emulsifiers, Flour additives, Acidulants, Sequestrants, Antioxidants, Flavour enhancers, Colour, Sweeteners, Polysaccharides, Solvents. Entries include information on: Function and Applications, Safety issues, International legal issues, Alternatives, Synonyms, Molecular Formula and mass, Alternative forms, Appearance, Boiling, melting, and flash points, density, purity, water content, solubility, Synergists, Antagonists, and more with full and easy-to-follow-up references. Reviews of the first edition: "Additives have their advantages for the food industry in order to provide safe and convenient food products. It is therefore essential that as much information as possible is available to allow an informed decision on the selection of an additive for a particular purpose. This data book provides such information - consisting of over 1000 pages and covering around 350 additives. This data book does provide a vast amount of information; it is what it claims to be! Overall, this is a very useful publication and a good reference book for anyone working in the food and dairy industry." —International Journal of Dairy Technology, Volume 59 Issue 2, May 2006 "This book is the best I have ever seen ... a clear winner over all other food additive books .... a superb edition." —SAAFOST (South African Association for Food Science and Technology)

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Jim Smith
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release: 2011-04-20
File: 1128 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781444397734

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A comprehensive, extensive textual analysis of the principles of solvent selection and use, the handbook is intended to help formulators select ideal solvents, safety coordinators to protect workers, and legislators and inspectors to define and implement technically correct public safeguards for use, handling, and disposal.

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Genre: Electronic books
Author: George Wypych
Publisher: ChemTec Publishing
Release: 2001
File: 1675 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781895198249

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Advanced Technical Ceramics Directory and Databook is a world-wide directory of the properties and suppliers of advanced technical ceramic material used in, or proposed for, numerous engineering applications. The information is subdivided into sections based on the class of ceramic, e.g. Nitrides-silicon nitride, sialon, boron carbide, aluminium nitride etc. Each section consists of a short introduction, a table comparing basic data and a series of data sheets. The book adopts standardised data in order to help the reader in finding and comparing different data and identifying the required information. It is designed to complement the existing Chapman & Hall publications on high performance materials.

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Robert John Hussey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2012-09-08
File: 506 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781441986627

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Databook of Adhesion Promoters contains data on the most important adhesion promoter products in use today. The information on each adhesion promoter is divided into five sections: General Information, Physical Properties, Health and Safety, Ecological Properties, and Use and Performance. This databook is an extremely useful source of data for engineers, technicians and researchers involved in development, manufacture, legislation or the production of a variety of products. Adhesion promoters form a very important group of additives without which many industrial products cannot perform according to requirements. Silanes originally formed the most widely used group of adhesion promoters, but increasing numbers of new additives have been entering the market, increasing the options and possibilities. These additives are needed for a variety of products in which silanes do not function or are too expensive, or where better performance can be achieved with the new additive. Provides detailed, up-to-date, essential data on the most important products currently in use Covers general information, physical-chemical properties, health and safety, ecological properties, and use and performance Includes recommendations for specific polymers, products, applications, processing methods and the concentration used

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Genre: Technology & Engineering
Author: Anna Wypych
Publisher: Elsevier
Release: 2018-02-22
File: 748 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781927885284

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