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How the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught. Critical thinking is regularly cited as an essential twenty-first century skill, the key to success in school and work. Given our propensity to believe fake news, draw incorrect conclusions, and make decisions based on emotion rather than reason, it might even be said that critical thinking is vital to the survival of a democratic society. But what, exactly, is critical thinking? In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Jonathan Haber explains how the concept of critical thinking emerged, how it has been defined, and how critical thinking skills can be taught and assessed. Haber describes the term's origins in such disciplines as philosophy, psychology, and science. He examines the components of critical thinking, including structured thinking, language skills, background knowledge, and information literacy, along with such necessary intellectual traits as intellectual humility, empathy, and open-mindedness. He discusses how research has defined critical thinking, how elements of critical thinking have been taught for centuries, and how educators can teach critical thinking skills now. Haber argues that the most important critical thinking issue today is that not enough people are doing enough of it. Fortunately, critical thinking can be taught, practiced, and evaluated. This book offers a guide for teachers, students, and aspiring critical thinkers everywhere, including advice for educational leaders and policy makers on how to make the teaching and learning of critical thinking an educational priority and practical reality.

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Genre : Education
Author : Jonathan Haber
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-04-07
File : 232 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9780262538282

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Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues. Topics covered include: the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance argument identification and reconstruction fallacies and argument evaluation. With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.

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Genre : Philosophy
Author : Stuart Hanscomb
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-09-19
File : 252 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781317576860

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"William Hughes's Critical Thinking, recently revised and updated by Jonathan Lavery, is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills required to make strong arguments. Hughes and Lavery give a thorough treatment of such traditional topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies and how to spot them, the importance of inference, how to recognise and avoid ambiguity, and how to assess what is or is not relevant to an argument. But they also cover a variety of topics not always treated in books of this sort - special concerns to keep in mind when reasoning about ethical matters and how the nature of a language can affect the structure of an argument. The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist." "For the fourth edition, Jonathan Lavery has added a new chapter on scientific reasoning, expanded the treatment of analogies, added numerous examples, and revised and updated the text throughout."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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Genre : Philosophy
Author : William Hughes
Publisher : Broadview Press
Release : 2004-08-31
File : 403 Pages
ISBN-13 : 1551115735

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Provides teaching suggestions, a skills matrix, and activities to help students increase their critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

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Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
Author : Deborah Eaton
Publisher : Walch Publishing
Release : 1998
File : 80 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0825137977

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Critical Thinking, 2nd Edition is about becoming a better thinker in every aspect of your life—as a professional, as a consumer, citizen, friend, or parent. Richard Paul and Linda Elder identify the core skills of effective thinking, then help you analyze your own thought processes so you can systematically identify and overcome your weaknesses.

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Genre : Philosophy
Author : Richard Paul
Publisher : Foundation for Critical Thinking
Release : 2020-03-15
File : 480 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781538139530

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Explores key topics in psychology, showing how they can be critically examined.

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Genre : Psychology
Author : Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2007
File : 340 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0521608341

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In Teaching Critical Thinking, renowned cultural critic and progressive educator bell hooks addresses some of the most compelling issues facing teachers in and out of the classroom today. In a series of short, accessible, and enlightening essays, hooks explores the confounding and sometimes controversial topics that teachers and students have urged her to address since the publication of the previous best-selling volumes in her Teaching series, Teaching to Transgress and Teaching Community. The issues are varied and broad, from whether meaningful teaching can take place in a large classroom setting to confronting issues of self-esteem. One professor, for example, asked how black female professors can maintain positive authority in a classroom without being seen through the lens of negative racist, sexist stereotypes. One teacher asked how to handle tears in the classroom, while another wanted to know how to use humor as a tool for learning. Addressing questions of race, gender, and class in this work, hooks discusses the complex balance that allows us to teach, value, and learn from works written by racist and sexist authors. Highlighting the importance of reading, she insists on the primacy of free speech, a democratic education of literacy. Throughout these essays, she celebrates the transformative power of critical thinking. This is provocative, powerful, and joyful intellectual work. It is a must read for anyone who is at all interested in education today.

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Genre : Social Science
Author : bell hooks
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-02-01
File : 198 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781135263492

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What do we mean by creativity? What is the link between creativity and critical thinking? How can creativity and critical thinking be incorporated into classroom practice and what are the benefits for students? Creativity and critical thinking are central to effective teaching and learning and have a significant impact on students’ attainment, engagement, attendance and behaviour. This book draws on recent research and policy to provide teachers with a clear framework for understanding creativity and critical thinking and practically demonstrates how they can be incorporated into classroom practice. Bringing together an expert team of contributors with a wide-range of experience of bringing creative approaches into the classroom the book includes: an analysis of the issues associated with creativity and critical thinking clear guidance on how schools can develop dynamic thinking and creative learning strategies and use them with all learners advice on using external agencies to bring the creative perspective into schools case studies alongside examples of current activities and practice in schools links to resources and organisations who can offer support. Providing clear guidance on the underpinning theory and policy and drawing upon current initiatives in schools, this book is essential reading for trainee and practising teachers that want to provide the best possible learning experience for their students.

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Genre : Education
Author : Steve Padget
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-27
File : 144 Pages
ISBN-13 : 9781136182655

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Thayer-Bacon argues that factors such as race, gender, and social status have direct bearing on philosophical inquiry: by abstracting theorists from their personal and social contexts, the absolutism of traditional critical thinking philosophies come into question. Thayer-Bacon encourages reevaluating the diversity of inquiry and suggests that diversity is a factor which constructs philosophy.

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Genre : Social Science
Author : Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon
Publisher : Teachers College Press
Release : 2000-03
File : 199 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0807739243

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This book is a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking skills and the philosophical and factual bases of critical thinking. Contents: DEGREESI ANALYSIS OF REASONING. Short Simple Reasoning; Longer More Complex Discourse. EVALUATION OF REASONING. Basic Concepts of Evaluation; Degrees of Support Reasons Give to Conclusions; Critical Life Decisions: Complete Evaluation of Reasoning; Syllogistic Logic; Reasoning with Statements; Moderate to Fallacious Arguments. EVALUATING UNSUPPORTED BELIEFS. Justification, Paradigms, and Reasoning; Seeing, Reasoning and Scientific Justification; Justification in Law; Philosophical Dialectic and High Justification; Religion and Science; Pseudoscience as Unjustified Statements; The United States and the Global Corporate Economy. Appendices; Index; Bibliography; Exer

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Genre : Philosophy
Author : Robert Cogan
Publisher : University Press of America
Release : 1998
File : 381 Pages
ISBN-13 : 0761810676

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