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This title is available online in its entirety in Open Access. This volume explores the ways childhood was experienced, lived and remembered in the late Ottoman Empire and its successor states in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when rapid change placed unprecedented demands on the young.

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Genre: History
Author: Benjamin C. Fortna
Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers
Release: 2015-10-30
File: 286 Pages
ISBN-13: 9004293124

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History books often weave tales of rising and falling empires, royal dynasties, and wars among powerful nations. Here, Maksudyan succeeds in making those who are farthest removed from power the lead actors in this history. Focusing on orphans and destitute youth of the late Ottoman Empire, the author gives voice to those children who have long been neglected. Their experiences and perspectives shed new light on many significant developments of the late Ottoman period, providing an alternative narrative that recognizes children as historical agents. Maksudyan takes the reader from the intimate world of infant foundlings to the larger international context of missionary orphanages, all while focusing on Ottoman modernization, urbanization, citizenship, and the maintenance of order and security. Drawing upon archival records, she explores the ways in which the treatment of orphans intersected with welfare, labor, and state building in the Empire. Throughout the book, Maksudyan does not lose sight of her lead actors, and the influence of the children is always present if we simply listen and notice carefully as Maksudyan so convincingly argues.

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Genre: History
Author: Nazan Maksudyan
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Release: 2014-12-06
File: 232 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780815652977

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Contrary to the stereotypical images of torture, narcotics and brutal sexual abuse traditionally associated with Ottoman or 'Turkish' prisons, Kent Schull argues that, during the Second Constitutional Period (1908-1918), they played a crucial role in attempts to transform the empire.

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Genre: History
Author: Kent F (Binghamton University) Schull
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Release: 2014-04-30
File: 224 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780748677696

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Described by historians as a "total war," World War I was the first conflict that required a comprehensive mobilization of all members of society, regardless of profession, age, or gender. Just as women became heads of households and joined the workforce in unprecedented numbers, children also became actively engaged in the war effort. Adding a new dimension to the historiography of World War I, Maksudyan explores the variegated experiences and involvement of Ottoman children and youth in the war. Rather than simply passive victims, children became essential participants as soldiers, wage earners, farmers, and artisans. They also contributed to the propaganda and mobilization effort as symbolic heroes and orphans of martyrs. Rebelling against their orphanage directors or trade masters, marching and singing proudly with their scouting companies, making long-distance journeys to receive vocational training or simply to find their families, they acquired new identities and discovered new forms of agency. Maksudyan focuses on four different groups of children: thousands of orphans in state orphanages (Darüleytam), apprentice boys who were sent to Germany, children and youth in urban centers who reproduced rivaling nationalist ideologies, and Armenian children who survived the genocide. With each group, the author sheds light on how the war dramatically impacted their lives and, in turn, how these self-empowered children, sometimes described as "precocious adults," actively shaped history.

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Genre: History
Author: Nazan Maksudyan
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Release: 2019-04-25
File: Pages
ISBN-13: 9780815654735

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An exploration of the ways in which children learned and were taught to read, against the background of the transition from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic. This study gives us a fresh perspective on the transition from empire to republic by showing us the ways that reading was central to the construction of modernity.

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Genre: History
Author: B. Fortna
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2012-10-10
File: 247 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780230300415

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In a world dominated by poverty, a central characteristic has been the plight of orphans and abandoned children. Over the centuries, State, Church and individuals have all attempted to tackle the issue, but can we trace any change over the course of time when it comes to the welfare system intended for these disadvantaged children and acts of philanthropy? What kind of social policies did States follow and what were the main differences between countries and regions? Drawing on historical evidence across several centuries and a range of European countries, the contributors to this volume provide a transnational overview.

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Genre: History
Author: Nicoleta Roman
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2017-11-08
File: 292 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781351628839

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The period between the 1880s and the 1920s was a time of momentous changes in the Ottoman Empire. It was also an age of literary experiments, of which autobiography forms a part. This book analyses Turkish autobiographical narratives describing the part of their authors’ lives that was spent while the Ottoman Empire still existed. The texts studied in this book were written in the cultural context of the Turkish Republic, which went to great lengths to disassociate itself from the empire and its legacy. This process has only been criticised and partially reversed in very recent times, the resurging interest in autobiographical texts dealing with the "old days" by the Turkish reading public being part of a wider, renewed regard for Ottoman legacies. Among the analysed texts are autobiographies by writers, journalists, soldiers and politicians, including classics like Halide Edip Adıvar and Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, but also texts by authors virtually unknown to Western readers, such as Ahmed Emin Yalman. While the official Turkish republican discourse went towards a dismissal of the imperial past, autobiographical narratives offer a more balanced picture. From the earliest memories and personal origins of the authors, to the conflict and violence that overshadowed private lives in the last years of the Ottoman Empire, this book aims at showing examples of how the authors painted what one of them called "images of a past world."

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Genre: History
Author: Philipp Wirtz
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release: 2017-03-16
File: 176 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781317152712

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In Competing Missions. German Religious Women in Late Ottoman Beirut, Julia Hauser offers a critical analysis of the German Protestant Kaiserswerth deaconesses’ establishment in late Ottoman Beirut as situated within the larger field of educational development in the city.

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Genre: Religion
Author: Julia Hauser
Publisher: BRILL
Release: 2015-03-31
File: 404 Pages
ISBN-13: 9789004290785

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BOOK EXCERPT:

An exploration of the ways in which children learned and were taught to read, against the background of the transition from Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic. This study gives us a fresh perspective on the transition from empire to republic by showing us the ways that reading was central to the construction of modernity.

Product Details :

Genre: History
Author: B. Fortna
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2012-10-10
File: 247 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780230300415

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Portrays the dramatic lives of the people living in a small town near a huge stone bridge in the Balkans

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Genre: Fiction
Author: Ivo Andric
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release: 1977
File: 314 Pages
ISBN-13: 0226020452

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