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Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 1.7, University of Bonn (Institut für Anglistik, Amerikanistik und Keltologie), course: American Drama, language: English, abstract: The Salem witch hunt and the McCarthy era – they are definitely two of the rather unpleasant chapters of American history to think of. Even though there are more than 250 years of distance between these two periods, there are still several parallels to be perceived. One might say: History repeats itself! One of the attempts to combine the events of 1692 and the 1950s, and point out their similarities, was made by America’s famous playwright Arthur Miller. "The Crucible" was written in 1953 and is set in 1692 Salem. The play would become by far Arthur Miller’s most frequently performed play. In the context of McCarthyism, the audiences soon interpreted the play as a veiled attack on the current chase after Communists in the country. However, Arthur Miller time and again denied such an intention, but it appears conceivable that the play was shaped, in a way, by Miller’s experiences during McCarthyism. The work in hands is supposed to find out, whether "The Crucible" can be referred to as a play with a dual historical context. In the first chapter of the work, the apparent historical background, the Salem witch trials of 1692, will be outlined briefly. Following this, the play’s formation context, America’s 1950s and McCarthyism, will be thematized. As Arthur Miller experienced the consequences of the 20th century witch hunt himself, chapter four deals with his experiences with McCarthyism and how it might have affected him writing the play. The next chapter, then, analyzes "The Crucible" in more detail and points out passages that can be related to the events of the 1950s and potentially contain hidden criticism. Finally, in chapter six there will be an attempt to give an answer to the question, whether "The Crucible" can be considered a play with a dual historical context or not. As many of the documents of the Salem witch trials still exist, the course of events can easily be reconstructed. With regard to the events of the 1950s, documents are mainly retained by the FBI, but, however, a few surveys of accused people could be reconstructed either by reports of the accused or by tapes and documents that were somehow not kept under wraps by the FBI. As Arthur Miller is one of America’s most famous playwrights, his plays evoked the interest of many scholars over the last decades.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Deborah Heinen
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2016-06-28
File: 17 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783668247840

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A haunting examination of groupthink and mass hysteria in a rural community The place is Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, an enclave of rigid piety huddled on the edge of a wilderness. Its inhabitants believe unquestioningly in their own sanctity. But in Arthur Miller's edgy masterpiece, that very belief will have poisonous consequences when a vengeful teenager accuses a rival of witchcraft—and then when those accusations multiply to consume the entire village. First produced in 1953, at a time when America was convulsed by a new epidemic of witch-hunting, The Crucible brilliantly explores the threshold between individual guilt and mass hysteria, personal spite and collective evil. It is a play that is not only relentlessly suspenseful and vastly moving but that compels readers to fathom their hearts and consciences in ways that only the greatest theater ever can. "A drama of emotional power and impact" —New York Post

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Genre: Drama
Author: Arthur Miller
Publisher: Penguin
Release: 1976-10-28
File: 160 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781101665008

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Score your highest on exam day Relax. The fact that you're even considering taking the AP English Literature & Composition exam means you're smart, hard-working, and ambitious. All you need is to get up to speed on the exam's topics and themes and take a couple of practice tests to get comfortable with its question formats and time limits. That's where Wiley AP English Literature & Composition comes in. This user-friendly and completely reliable guide helps you get the most out of any AP English class and reviews all of the topics emphasized on the test. It also provides two full-length practice exams, complete with detailed answer explanations and scoring guides. This powerful prep guide helps you practice and perfect all of the skills you need to get your best possible score. And, as a special bonus, you'll also get a handy primer to help you prepare for the test-taking experience. A detailed overview of the test Subject reviews covering all test topics Practice questions Sample free-response questions with advice for crafting critical essays Strategies and solid test-taking advice Two full-length practice tests with detailed explanations and walk-throughs Supplemented with handy lists of test-taking tips and more, Wiley AP English Literature & Composition helps you make exam day a very good day, indeed.

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Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Author: Geraldine Woods
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release: 2013-02-25
File: 408 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781118490235

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An illustrated timeline chronicles the evolution of all forms of literature from antiquity to the present day and includes a detailed introduction and color-coding to show whether a work is poetry, fiction, drama, or non-fiction.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Carol Strickland
Publisher: Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Release: 2007
File: 120 Pages
ISBN-13: 1402748604

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This dramatic and deeply moving book combines a narrative that has the pace and excitement of a novel, a timeless portrait of bigotry and a self-righteousness, and an authentic history of the Salem witch trials. It stands alone in applying modern psychiatric knowledge to the witchcraft hysteria. Nearly three hundred years ago the fate of Massachusetts was delivered into the hands of a pack of young girls. Because of the fantasies and hysterical antics of unbalanced teenagers, decent men and women were sent to the gallows. Medical science that day had no better explanation than “the evil eye”; and so Massachusetts was precipitated into a reign of terror that did not end until the highest in the land had been accused of witchcraft—ministers, a judge, the Governor’s lady. One by one were brought to the gallows such diverse personalities as a decent grandmother; a rakish, pipe-smoking female tramp; a plain farmer who thought only to save his wife from molestation; a lame old man whose toothless gums did not deny expression to a very salty vocabulary. But from the very beginning some fought the hysteria, pitting sanity against insanity, and eventually forced the community to atone for its tragic error. Written with sly humor, much of the book reads like a novel. In the end, one is pretty sure what was wrong with Cotton Mather, the august judges, and the tormented young girls. “The Devil in Massachusetts is a vivid and compassionate reconstruction of the Salem witchcraft hysteria. Marion Starkey has written history which illustrates the past and at the same time packs and important contemporary moral.”—Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. “It is certainly a ‘one sitting’ sort of book, with the dramatic appeal of the well-told story and the significances of good human history.”—Gerald Warner Brace “A fresh and full narration...of one of the most lurid, pitiful and deeply significant episodes in American history....”—Odell Shepard

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Genre: History
Author: Marion L. Starkey
Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing
Release: 2018-12-05
File: 280 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781789125627

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Seminar paper from the year 2000 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7 (A-), University of Munster (Anglistics/ American Studies), course: Advanced Seminar Modern American Drama, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: As Arthur Miller states in his autobiography,1 The Crucible has become his most frequently produced play. This great success of a conventional drama can certainly not be explained without regard to its political message. When the play was first performed in 1953, its audiences were quick to recognize the connections between the witch craze in 17th century Massachusetts and the American anti-communist hysteria of their own time. Like any literary text, The Crucible reflects the conditions under which it was produced, and Miller himself says that he could not have written it at any other time.2 Since in this case parallels between the events in both times are extremely striking, it seems necessary for the understanding and interpretation of the play to explain its dual historical context. At the same time, it would be wrong to interpret Miller's drama against this background only. Or, as Reitz puts it: "The Crucible ist kein Schlusseldrama, das auf die vordergrundige Aktualitat von Wiedererkennungseffekten setzt und zu diesem Zweck Anhanger und Gegner McCarthys als Puritaner (...) kostumiert."3 Miklos Trocsanyi argues similarly, pointing out that Miller was glad, when in the contemporary criticism (...) less and less mention was made of and parallel drawn between the witchcraft hysteria and McCarthyism. It meant that the deeper message was more and more appreciated.4 Finding out about this "deeper message" is what the analysis of the dual historical context aims at. Therefore this research paper will, after explaining the historical circumstances of both the Salem witch hunt and the American anticommunism under McCarthy, focus on parallel phenomena underlying the events in both times. This comparison, whic"

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Genre:
Author: Kristin Hammer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2011-12
File: 44 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783656074045

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This volume, focusing on the Red Scare after 1945, presents entries with a brief statement of opposing points of view, a summary of the issue, and two or more essays giving the sides of the dispute.

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Genre: History
Author: Benjamin Frankel
Publisher: Saint James Press
Release: 2000
File: 464 Pages
ISBN-13: STANFORD:36105120002782

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Genre: Commerce
Author:
Publisher:
Release: 1992
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UOM:39015021413060

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This and the next Annual feature a collection of Aldous Huxley's early essays in art criticism, for the most part published anonymously. The present issue focuses on Huxley's critical approach to painting, particularly to Modernist works (Part I); The forthcoming Annual will concentrate on Huxley's appraisal of architecture, applied arts and sculpture in the 1920s (Part II). Bernfried Nugel is head of the Centre for Aldous Huxley Studies at the English Seminar of the University of Muenster (Germany). Jerome Meckier is a researcher at the University of Kentucky and at the Centre for Aldous Huxley Studies at the English Seminar of the University of Muenster.

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Genre: Philosophy
Author: Jerome Meckier
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
Release: 2006-05-12
File: 230 Pages
ISBN-13: 3825892921

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Prior to the 1960s, art objects were viewed as wholly distinct from non-art. But by mid-decade, that perspective was being challenged by artists such as Andy Warhol, whose Brillo Boxes looked exactly like the real ones; Roy Lichtenstein, whose paintings imitated comic book pages; and Carl Andre, whose floor sculptures were, in fact, slabs of industrial metal. Art and Context examines how these pieces, and others like them, relate to a society bombarded by advertising while also in the midst of a cultural revolution--as evidenced by the growing acceptance of civil rights, feminism, drug use, and sexual freedom--and offers a solid basis for understanding the art of the past half century.

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Genre: Art
Author: Chris Bruce
Publisher: Museum of Art Washington State univ
Release: 2006
File: 78 Pages
ISBN-13: UOM:39015048083383

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