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Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject English - Literature, Works, grade: 1,7, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald (Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Proseminar: Lost in Literature, language: English, abstract: What happened in Salem, in 1692, is today described as one of the darkest episodes in American history. Still today, historians try to find out what caused the disastrous outbreak of the witch craze but the only thing they can be sure about is that they can not explain why so many people had to die. “Accusations of witchcraft were not unusual in the seventeenth-century world [...]” What was so special about the time and place that such an outbreak of random accusations became possible? “[...] “Salem” has become an icon in American culture. The trials have become a metaphor for hysterical prosecution, unfounded accusations, and confessions that have no reasonable explanation.” Believe in witchcraft had existed for hundreds of years before the hysteria broke out in Salem. The colonists who came to Massachusetts had a strong belief in the devil and his agents and were mainly Puritans, who came to America to gain religious freedom. There are many things you could compare between the historical account of the witch hunt and Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible. This paper is going to analyse the portrayal of a Puritan society in Miller’s play and will try to find out whether the religion of the people and therewith their way of life have caused the rising of the witch scare and the horrible outcome for the characters in the play. It is going to be analysed why normal people start accusing their neighbours and friends for witchcraft although many of them are aware of the consequences for the accused. At first it is going to be described how Arthur Miller informed himself about the happenings of 1692 in order to underline his credibility of being able to create the Puritan society of that time. In the following the terms ‘Puritanism’ and ‘Puritan’ will be briefly defined. The main part of the paper will concentrate on the analysis of Puritan traits, beliefs, and lifestyles in The Crucible in order to find out whether they might have played a part in the catastrophe.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Anika Kehl
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2014-08-21
File: 19 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783656724636

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A haunting examination of groupthink and mass hysteria in a rural community The place is Salem, Massachusetts, in 1692, an enclave of rigid piety huddled on the edge of a wilderness. Its inhabitants believe unquestioningly in their own sanctity. But in Arthur Miller's edgy masterpiece, that very belief will have poisonous consequences when a vengeful teenager accuses a rival of witchcraft—and then when those accusations multiply to consume the entire village. First produced in 1953, at a time when America was convulsed by a new epidemic of witch-hunting, The Crucible brilliantly explores the threshold between individual guilt and mass hysteria, personal spite and collective evil. It is a play that is not only relentlessly suspenseful and vastly moving but that compels readers to fathom their hearts and consciences in ways that only the greatest theater ever can. "A drama of emotional power and impact" —New York Post

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Genre: Drama
Author: Arthur Miller
Publisher: Penguin
Release: 1976-10-28
File: 160 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781101665008

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This Companion provides an introduction to one of the most important playwrights of the twentieth century.

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Genre: Drama
Author: Christopher Bigsby
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 1997-11-13
File: 277 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521559928

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Seminar paper from the year 2000 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,7 (A-), University of Munster (Anglistics/ American Studies), course: Advanced Seminar Modern American Drama, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: As Arthur Miller states in his autobiography,1 The Crucible has become his most frequently produced play. This great success of a conventional drama can certainly not be explained without regard to its political message. When the play was first performed in 1953, its audiences were quick to recognize the connections between the witch craze in 17th century Massachusetts and the American anti-communist hysteria of their own time. Like any literary text, The Crucible reflects the conditions under which it was produced, and Miller himself says that he could not have written it at any other time.2 Since in this case parallels between the events in both times are extremely striking, it seems necessary for the understanding and interpretation of the play to explain its dual historical context. At the same time, it would be wrong to interpret Miller's drama against this background only. Or, as Reitz puts it: "The Crucible ist kein Schlusseldrama, das auf die vordergrundige Aktualitat von Wiedererkennungseffekten setzt und zu diesem Zweck Anhanger und Gegner McCarthys als Puritaner (...) kostumiert."3 Miklos Trocsanyi argues similarly, pointing out that Miller was glad, when in the contemporary criticism (...) less and less mention was made of and parallel drawn between the witchcraft hysteria and McCarthyism. It meant that the deeper message was more and more appreciated.4 Finding out about this "deeper message" is what the analysis of the dual historical context aims at. Therefore this research paper will, after explaining the historical circumstances of both the Salem witch hunt and the American anticommunism under McCarthy, focus on parallel phenomena underlying the events in both times. This comparison, whic"

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Genre:
Author: Kristin Hammer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2011-12
File: 44 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783656074045

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This guide surveys the criticism surrounding two of Arthur Miller's most popular and widely-studied plays. From initial theatre reviews to twenty-first-century scholarship, Stephen Marino examines the major debates and trends of critical inquiry providing an essential resource for anyone with an interest in Miller's work.

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Genre: Literary Criticism
Author: Stephen Marino
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
Release: 2015-08-17
File: 198 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781137429803

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The Practical Writer with Readings provides both developmental and first-year composition students with a step-by-step approach to writing, from the one-paragraph essay to the five-paragraph essay to the research paper.

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Genre: College readers
Author: Edward P. Bailey
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release: 1998-09-08
File: 512 Pages
ISBN-13: 015505502X

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The Crucible still has permanence and relevance a half century after its initial publication. This powerful political drama set amidst the Salem witch trials is commonly understood as Arthur Miller's poignant response to McCarthyism. Filled with fresh essays about the play, the new edition of this invaluable literary guide features a bibliography and notes on the essay contributors.

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Genre: Electronic books
Author: Harold Bloom
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Release: 2008
File: 232 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780791098288

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Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2010 in the subject American Studies - Literature, grade: 1,3, University of Trier, language: English, abstract: Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit der Vergangenheitsdarstellung in zwei amerikanischen Theaterstücken der Nachkriegszeit. Arthur Millers "The Crucible" sowie Tony Kushners "Angels in America" werden daher in Bezug auf verschiedene historische Aspekte verglichen. Zuerst werden die beiden Autoren und ihre Werke kurz vorgestellt, wobei das besondere Interesse beider Dramatiker an der Geschichte der USA im Vordergrund steht. Die Fragestellung der Arbeit wird wie folgt formuliert: Wie wird die Vergangenheit in "Angels in America" und in "The Crucible" dargestellt? Welche Unterschiede gibt es zwischen den beiden Autoren und welche Einsichten in Fragen der amerikanischen Identität gewähren sie? Im zweiten Kapitel wird Millers Bild vom Amerika der Puritaner während der Kolonialzeit diskutiert. Sein Stück behandelt die Hexenjagd in Salem im Jahre 1692 und bietet daher einen ausführlichen Eindruck dieser Geschichtsperiode. Millers Darstellungen werden mit Kushners eher gering gehaltenen Anspielungen auf die frühe Entstehung und Entwicklung Amerikas verglichen. Das dritte Kapitel befasst sich mit McCarthyism und mit Amerika zu Beginn des Kalten Krieges. Da Arthur Millers Stück eine Allegorie auf die Hysterie während des antikommunistischen Kreuzzuges des Senators McCarthy in den 50er Jahren darstellt, werden die Parallelen zwischen Salem und dem Nachkriegsamerika analysiert. Tony Kushner beschäftigt sich ebenfalls mit McCarthyism, indem er zwei Zeitzeugen in seinem Stück auftreten lässt: Roy Cohn, der McCarthys Kollege und Vertrauter war und Ethel Rosenberg, ein Opfer des Antikommunismus. Die Ausführungen beider Dramatiker plädieren für die Wichtigkeit der Vergangenheit für Gegenwart und Zukunft Amerikas. Die Administration Ronald Reagans ist im vierten Kapitel von Bedeutung, da sich die Handlung von Angels in America primär zwischen 1985 und 1986 abspielt. Kushner verurteilt den Zeitgeist des extremen Konservatismus, des Individualismus und das Versagen Reagans im Angesicht der AIDS-Epidemie. Reagans Fokus auf family values bildet eine Schnittstelle für den Vergleich von Angels und Millers Stück. Obwohl The Crucible lange vor Reagans Präsidentschaft veröffentlicht wurde, spielt es in diesem Kapitel dennoch eine wichtige Rolle, weil Miller sich konkret mit Familienschicksalen beschäftigt. Im fünften Kapitel wird erläutert, welchen Stellenwert Tony Kushner und Arthur Miller der Religion in der amerikanischen Gesellschaft zuordnen. [...]

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Genre: Literary Collections
Author: Victoria Schmitt
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Release: 2015-07-21
File: 90 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783668018471

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THE PRACTICAL WRITER provides both developmental and first-year composition students with a step-by-step approach to writing, from the one-paragraph essay to the five-paragraph essay to the research paper.

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Genre: Education
Author: Edward P. Bailey
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release: 2002-11-01
File: 528 Pages
ISBN-13: 083846064X

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More than 70 scholars examine how filmmakers have presented and interpreted the most important events, topics, eras and figures in the American past, often comparing the film versions of events with the interpretations of the best historians who have explored the topic.

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Genre: Performing Arts
Author: Peter C. Rollins
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Release: 2003
File: 671 Pages
ISBN-13: 023111222X

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