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This is the third volume of a series from the Department of Archaeology at Nottingham University presenting work by postgraduates and early-career researchers from that university and elsewhere in the world. The essays reflect that while the importance of nutrition for survival has long been recognized, increasing emphasis is now being put on the cultural significance of the production, distribution and consumption of foodstuffs throughout all archaeological periods. Changes in archaeological methods are also demonstrated by the authors in their widespread reliance on zooarchaeological and archaeobotanical evidence There are twelve full-length papers and four shorter contributions discussing topics as varied as pyschoactive consumption in Cypriote Bronze Age mortuary ritual; elite ideology and feasting practices in Early Iron Age Greece; intoxicating drinks in ancient Indian art, literature and archaeology; sixteenth-century polemics about cold-drinking; the deceased as metaphorical food in Iron Age Veneto; food diversity in Mesolithic Scotland; a singular Late Bronze Age animal sacrifice event; ritualized feasting-goods from Norwegian graves dating from the first to the fifth centuries AD; animals in the household: not just a foodstuff; feasting and the state in Uruk Mesopotamia Prospect Books is an independent publisher specializing in books about food. For a complete list, either write to Allaleigh House, Blackawton, Totnes, Devon TQ9 7DL, or consult the website The first two volumes of this series, Food & Drink in Archaeology, were published by Prospect Books in 2008 and 2009 Prospect Books also publishes the proceedings of the Oxford Symposium on Food & Cookery and the food studies journal Petits Propos Culinaires (PPC). PPC is the longest running English-language journal in the field. For subscription information, consult the website. https://prospectbooks.co.uk

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Genre: Cooking
Author: University of Nottingham. Dept. of Archaeology. Postgraduate Conference
Publisher: Prospect Books (UK)
Release: 2012
File: 149 Pages
ISBN-13: 1903018781

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The third volume in the Andean Archaeology series, this book focuses on the marked cultural differences between the northern and southern regions of the Central Andes, and considers the conditions under which these differences evolved, grew pronounced, and diminished. This book continues the dynamic, current problem-oriented approach to the field of Andean Archaeology that began with Andean Archaeology I and Andean Archaeology II. Combines up-to-date research, diverse theoretical platforms, and far-reaching interpretations to draw provocative and thoughtful conclusions.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: William Isbell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release: 2008-02-01
File: 523 Pages
ISBN-13: 0387757309

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Covers the ways in which material culture is understood and preserved in museums and how the nature of history is itself in flux.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Ian Hodder
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release: 1995
File: 275 Pages
ISBN-13: 0415073308

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List of figures p. ix List of tables p. xii Preface p. xiii Part I The Role of Analytical Chemistry in Archaeology p. 1 1 Archaeology and Analytical Chemistry p. 3 1.1 The history of analytical chemistry in archaeology p. 5 1.2 Basic archaeological questions p. 10 1.3 Questions of process p. 25 2 An Introduction to Analytical Chemistry p. 31 2.1 What is chemistry? p. 31 2.2 Analytical chemistry p. 38 2.3 Special considerations in the analysis of archaeological material p. 42 Part II The Application of Analytical Chemistry to Archaeology p. 45 3 Elemental Analysis By Absorption and Emission Spectroscopies in the Visible and Ultraviolet p. 47 3.1 Optical emission spectroscopy (OES) p. 47 3.2 Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) p. 48 3.3 Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) p. 57 3.4 Comparison of analysis by absorption/emission spectrometries p. 60 3.5 Greek pots and European bronzes - archaeological applications of emission/absorption spectrometries p. 62 4 Molecular Analysis by Absorption and Raman Spectroscopy p. 70 4.1 Optical and UV spectrophotometry p. 70 4.2 Infrared absorption spectroscopy p. 77 4.3 Raman spectroscopy p. 83 4.4 Soils, bone, and the "Baltic shoulder"--Archaeological applications of vibrational spectroscopy p. 85 5 X-ray Techniques and Electron Beam Microanalysis p. 93 5.1 Introduction to X-rays p. 93 5.2 X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry p. 101 5.3 Electron microscopy as an analytical tool p. 109 5.4 X-ray diffraction p. 113 5.5 Other X-ray related techniques p. 116 5.6 A cornucopia of delights - archaeological applications of X-ray analysis p. 118 6 Neutron Activation Analysis p. 123 6.1 Introduction to nuclear structure and the principles of neutron activation analysis p. 123 6.2 Neutron activation analysis in practice p. 128 6.3 Practical alchemy - archaeological applications of NAA p. 130 7 Chromatography p. 137 7.1 Principles of chromatography p. 137 7.2 Classical liquid column chromatography p. 139 7.3 Thin layer chromatography (TLC) p. 139 7.4 Gas chromatography (GC) p. 142 7.5 High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) p. 146 7.6 Sticky messengers from the past - archaeological applications of chromatography p. 147 8 Mass Spectrometry p. 160 8.1 Separation of ions by electric and magnetic fields p. 160 8.2 Light stable isotopes (¿D, ¿13C, ¿15N, ¿18O, and ¿34S) p. 169 8.3 Heavy isotopes (Pb, Sr) - thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) p. 173 8.4 Combined techniques - GC-MS p. 174 8.5 Isotope archaeology - applications of MS in archaeology p. 176 9 Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS) p. 195 9.1 Types of ICP analysis p. 195 9.2 Comparison with other techniques p. 200 9.3 Instrument performance p. 202 9.4 Splitting hairs - archaeological applications of ICP-MS p. 208 Part III Some Basic Chemistry for Archaeologists p. 215 10 Atoms, Isotopes, Electron Orbitals, and the Periodic Table p. 217 10.1 The discovery of subatomic particles p. 217 10.2 The Bohr-Rutherford model of the atom p. 227 10.3 Stable and radioactive isotopes p. 230 10.4 The quantum atom p. 238 10.5 The periodic table p. 243 11 Valency, Bonding, and Molecules p. 249 11.1 Atoms and molecules p. 249 11.2 Bonds between atoms p. 253 11.3 Intermolecular bonds p. 258 11.4 Lewis structures and the shapes of molecules p. 260 11.5 Introduction to organic compounds p. 263 11.6 Isomers p. 269 12 The Electromagnetic Spectrum p. 275 12.1 Electromagnetic waves p. 275 12.2 Particle-wave duality p. 279 12.3 Emission lines and the Rydberg equation p. 281 12.4 Absorption of EM radiation by matter - Beer's law p. 286 12.5 The EM spectrum and spectrochemical analysis p. 288 12.6 Synchrotron radiation p. 290 13 Practical Issues in Analytical Chemistry p. 294 13.1 Some basic procedures in analytical chemistry p. 294 13.2 Sample preparation for trace element and residue analysis p. 302 13.3 Standards for calibration p. 306 13.4 Calibration procedures and estimation of errors p. 309 13.5 Quality assurance procedures p. 319 Epilogue p. 322 Appendices p. 326 I Scientific notation p. 326 II Significant figures p. 327 III Seven basic SI units p. 328 IV Physical constants p. 329 V Greek notation p. 330 VI Chemical symbols and isotopes of the elements p. 331 VII Electronic configuration of the elements (to radon, Z=86) p. 335 VIII Some common inorganic and organic sample preparation methods used in archaeology p. 337 IX General safe practice in the laboratory p. 340 X COSHH assessments p. 342 References p. 350 Index.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: A. M. Pollard
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release: 2007
File: 404 Pages
ISBN-13: 0521655722

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Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Peter Mitchell
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Release: 2013-07-04
File: 1080 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780191626159

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Each number is the catalogue of a specific school or college of the University.

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Genre: Education, Higher
Author: University of Michigan
Publisher: UM Libraries
Release: 1976
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UOM:39015078739912

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The use of modern analyses of high definition data is used to trace relationships or decision paths which could not have been seen with the techniques available 30 years ago. Examples are drawn from a variety of areas and periods.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: John A. Gowlett
Publisher: Routledge
Release: 2017-10-03
File: 176 Pages
ISBN-13: 9781134669097

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Genre:
Author:
Publisher:
Release: 2012
File: Pages
ISBN-13: OCLC:820496789

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This volume asks how the current Information Technology Revolution influences archaeological interpretations of techno-social change. Does cyber-archaeology provide a way to breathe new life into grand narratives of technological revolution and culture change, or does it further challenge these high-level theoretical explanations? Do digital recording methods have the potential to create large, regional-scale databases to ease investigation of high-level theoretical issues, or have they simply exposed deeper issues of archaeological practice that prevent this? In short, this volume cuts beyond platitudes about the revolutionary potential of the Information Technology Revolution and instead critically engages both its possibilities and limitations. The contributions to this volume are drawn from long-term regional studies employing a cyber-archaeology framework, primarily in the southern Levant, a region with rich archaeological data sets spanning the Paleolithic to the present day. As such, contributors are uniquely placed to comment on the interface between digital methods and grand narratives of long-term techno-social change. Cyber-Archaeology and Grand Narratives provides a much-needed challenge to current approaches, and a first step toward integrating innovative digital methods with archaeological theory.

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Genre: Social Science
Author: Thomas E. Levy
Publisher: Springer
Release: 2017-11-21
File: 238 Pages
ISBN-13: 9783319656939

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Ten scholars whose specialties range from ethnohistory to remote sensing and lithic analysis to bioarchaeology chronicle changes in the way prehistory in the Southeast has been studied since the 19th century. Each brings to the task the particular perspective of his or her own subdiscipline in this multifaceted overview of the history of archaeology in a region that has had an important but variable role in the overall development of North American archaeology. Some of the specialties discussed in this book were traditionally relegated to appendixes or ignored completely in site reports more than 20 years old. Today, most are integral parts of such reports, but this integration has been hard won. Other specialties have been and will continue to be of central concern to archaeologists. Each chapter details the way changes in method can be related to changes in theory by reviewing major landmarks in the literature. As a consequence, the reader can compare the development of each subdiscipline. As the first book of this kind to deal specifically with the region, it be will valuable to archaeologists everywhere. The general reader will find the book of interest because the development of southeastern archaeology reflects trends in the development of social science as a whole. Contributors include: Jay K. Johnson, David S. Brose, Jon L. Gibson, Maria O. Smith, Patricia K. Galloway, Elizabeth J. Reitz, Kristen J. Gremillion, Ronald L. Bishop, Veletta Canouts, and W. Fredrick Limp

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Genre: History
Author: Jay K. Johnson
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
Release: 1993-02-28
File: 343 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780817306007

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