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Reveals how the voyages of Columbus reintroduced plants and animals that had been separated millions of years earlier, documenting how the ensuing exchange of flora and fauna between Eurasia and the Americas fostered a European rise, decimated imperial China and rendered Manila and Mexico City the center of the world for two centuries. Reprint.

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Genre: History
Author: Charles C. Mann
Publisher: Vintage
Release: 2012
File: 690 Pages
ISBN-13: 9780307278241

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For review see: Stephen J. Homick, in The Hispanic Historical Review (HAHR), vol. 77, no. 1 (February 1997); p. 78-80.

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Genre: History
Author: Karen Ordahl Kupperman
Publisher: UNC Press Books
Release: 1995
File: 428 Pages
ISBN-13: 0807845108

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This fascinating book examines the particular importance of cities in Spanish and Hispanic-American culture as well as the different meanings that artists and cartographers invested in their depiction of New and Old Wold cities and towns. Kagan maintains that cities are both built human structures and human communities, and that representations of the urban form reflect both points of view. He discusses the peculiar character of Spain's empire of towns; the history and development of the cityscape as an independent artistic genre, both in Europe and the Americas; the interaction between European and native mapping traditions; differences between European maps of urban America and those produced by local residents, whether native or creole; and the urban iconography of four different New World towns. Lavishly illustrated with a variety of maps, pictures, and plans, many reproduced here for the first time, this interdisciplinary study will be of interest to general readers and to specialists in art history, cartography, history, urbanism, and related fields.

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Genre: Political Science
Author: Richard L. Kagan
Publisher: Yale University Press
Release: 2000
File: 235 Pages
ISBN-13: 0300083149

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Drawing upon Huser's 1589 publication of Paracelsus' works, this dual-language volume combines a critical edition of Essential Theoretical Writings on philosophy, medicine, nature, and the supernatural, with new English translations and extensive commentary on the second largest sixteenth-century German-language corpus.

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Genre: Religion
Author: Paracelsus
Publisher: BRILL
Release: 2008
File: 975 Pages
ISBN-13: 9789004157569

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This volume makes available the first English version of L'Économie mondiale et les frappes monétaires en France, 1493-1680, Frank C. Spooner's original and distinguished contribution to economic and monetary history. Generously illustrated with maps and graphs, and abridged by the author, this study introduces the English-reading audience to the methodological approaches of the modern school of French economic history. In this edition, Spooner covers an additional forty-five years not included in his original work: the period 1680-1725 which marks the prelude to the great monetary reform and consolidation of France in 1726. In addition to bringing the reader up to date on his continuing research, he presents a number of important conclusions concerning this economic era. Drawing from his vast insight into French monetary history and his thorough technical knowledge of French coinage and minds of the period, the author maps the historical and spatial perspectives of the two and a half centuries when France experienced successive periods of inflation as bullion, copper, and credit emerged into the forefront of economic affairs. To illustrate the way in which the sequence of these periods affected the structure of the French economy, he discusses how the relative supply and demand of the metals used in varying degrees as a medium of exchange increased the demand for the metal and influenced the credit system. Credit thus made a special contribution in coordinating and adjusting the various inconsistencies in the production and circulation of the different metals. Throughout his study, Spooner attributes an important role to money as a significant factor in economic change and development in early modern Europe and focuses on the relationship between the supply of money and the level and pattern of economic activity.

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Genre: Business & Economics
Author: Frank C. Spooner
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release: 1972
File: 354 Pages
ISBN-13: 0674458400

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Genre: Highlands (Scotland)
Author: Donald Gregory
Publisher:
Release: 1836
File: 453 Pages
ISBN-13: BL:A0019362153

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Genre: America
Author: Philipp Johann Josef Valentini
Publisher:
Release: 1888
File: Pages
ISBN-13: HARVARD:HX4XDL

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Genre: Demarcation line of Alexander VI.
Author: Emma Helen Blair
Publisher:
Release: 1604
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UCD:31175023768883

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Genre: Demarcation line of Alexander VI.
Author: Emma Helen Blair
Publisher:
Release: 1605
File: Pages
ISBN-13: UOM:39015052367698

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Genre:
Author: Edited by E. H., Robertson Blair
Publisher: Library of Alexandria
Release:
File: Pages
ISBN-13: 9781613108918

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